Importance of monsoon and the rainfall distribution

Monsoon is probably the most important season for Indians. Millions of farmers wait for it every year.

It brings in much-needed rain, which generates many processes such as agriculture across the country.

Monsoon as a unifying bond

The lives of Indian people very much revolve around the monsoon season and its arrival.

India’s agriculture, which is a major economic contributor, is entirely dependent on monsoon.

Even the festivities of Indian people and communities revolve around the monsoon!

Onam is a popular monsoon festival celebrated in Kerala.

The arrival of monsoon sets all agricultural activities in motion, as most of the crops grown need plenty of water.

The river valleys carrying the monsoon rainwater also unite as a single unit.

Seasonal reversal of the monsoon winds provides a cycle of seasons, which includes all four seasons experienced in India.

We all know that peninsular India is bordered by the sea on three sides, which exerts a moderating influence on the climate.

The Himalayas similarly protect North India from the cold winds that run north.

Despite moderating influences, temperature conditions are variable due to the monsoon winds.

Even in times of destruction because of the monsoon, the whole country unites together and stands as one.

In desperate times such as floods, the countrymen come together to help each other out, united.

The rainfall distribution in the country

The amount of rainfall varies from year to year.

In regions of low rainfall, such as deserts, the variability of rainfall is much more.

North-East India and parts of the west coast receive more than 400 cm of annual rainfall.

Compare that with regions of Gujarat and Rajasthan, which receive only 60 cm of annual rainfall.

A similar low average rainfall is experienced in the inner parts of the Deccan Plateau.

The regions of Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir also receive very less average rainfall.

The rest of India receives moderate rainfall, with snowfall being limited only to the Himalayan region.

Areas of high rainfall are susceptible to floods, while areas of low rainfall are prone to droughts.


The monsoon is important for the people of India. From agriculture to the relief from heat in the summers, monsoon assists in many regards.

It sets off all agricultural practices and is central to people’s lives and festivities.

It also brings together people in times of distress, such as floods.

Rainfall distribution in India is highly variable, changing every year.

Areas such as Ladakh, Gujarat, and Rajasthan receive very low average rainfall. Some areas of high rainfall include the north-east states and the western coast.