Importance Of Summer Monsoon

Monsoon is not just any heavy rain that lasts for a long time. Rather, a monsoon is like a giant sea breeze.

A normal sea breeze changes daily, with day to night change of land temperature as the sun rises and sets.

Whereas, monsoon changes seasonally. The above image compares seasonal shift in the monsoon circulation.

In summer, the land is warmer than the sea or ocean. The air above the land being warmer rises up (warm air have less density than cool air) and finally forms clouds.

These monsoon clouds full of moisture bring heavy rainfall for a long period of time.

In India, Summer monsoon lasts from the month of April to the month of October.

Indian summer monsoon is very important for every part of India.

India and Southeast Asia depend on the summer monsoon, mainly for agricultural purpose.

Rice and tea are some crops that require a large amount of water, therefore are dependent on summer monsoons.

The summer monsoon fills wells and aquifers for the rest of the years. It also helps in increasing underground water level.

Dairy farms, which help make India the largest milk producer in the world, are also dependent on the summer monsoon.

They are dependent on the monsoon rains to keep cows healthy and well-fed.

A large amount of electricity is produced by hydroelectric power plants, which are driven by water collected during monsoons.

When the summer monsoon is late or weak, the region's economy suffers. Electricity becomes more expensive due to the decrease in its production.

Heavy summer monsoons cause great damage to people as well as the environment.

When the summer monsoon is stronger than expected, floods can devastate the region.

In cities like Mumbai, entire neighbourhoods can be drowned.

In rural areas, mudslides can bury villages and destroy crops.

Revision

In summer, the land is warmer than the sea or ocean. The air above the land being warmer rises up (warm air has less density than cool air) and finally forms clouds.

These monsoon clouds full of moisture, bring heavy rainfall for a long period of time.

In India, Summer monsoon lasts from the month of April to the month of October

India and Southeast Asia depend on the summer monsoon, mainly for agricultural purpose.

Rice and tea are some crops that require a large amount of water, therefore are dependent on summer monsoons

The summer monsoon fills wells and aquifers for the rest of the years. It also helps in increasing underground water level.

Dairy farms, which help make India the largest milk producer in the world, are also dependent on the summer monsoon

When the summer monsoon is stronger than expected, floods can devastate the region. In rural areas, mudslides can bury villages and destroy crops.

The End