Indian Independence Act
India became Independent on 15th August 1947 on the basis of the Mountbatten Plan.
He prepared a plan which provided for the partition of India. It was announced on June 3, 1947.
This plan was accepted by the leaders of Congress and Muslim League.
On the basis of this plan the British Government passed the Indian Independence Act on July 16, 1947.
Provision of Indian Independence Act
The two independence dominions named India and Pakistan would be established on 15 August 1947.
Pakistan included Sindh, Baluchistan, NWFP, West Punjab and East Bengal. Rest of the territories were to be included in India.
The British government would have no control over matters of dominions after 15th August 1947.
The British government would transfer all its powers to the assemblies of India and Pakistan.
The Viceroy’s office was to end immediately and replaced by a separate Governor general for each dominion.
In this Act there was a provision in which the constituent assemblies of both the dominions would frame their respective constitutions.
Each dominion had the right to decide regarding their stay with the British Commonwealth.
The Constituent Assembly of India and Pakistan shall exercise the power of making laws.h.
The Legislature of each new Dominion shall have full powers to make laws for that Dominion.
Till a new constitution becomes ready, each dominion and all the provinces were to be governed according to the 1935 Act.
States would have the option of either joining with dominion or maintaining their independence.
The agreement with the tribes of NWFP was to be negotiated by the Dominion concerned.
Titles of the Emperor of India and the King of England were removed from the royal style.
This act had its own significance as it was a great milestone in Anglo-Indian relations.
It marked the end of the British Rule in India, and India became free on 15th August 1947.
In March 1947 Lord Mountbatten became the Viceroy of India. He prepared a plan which provided for the partition of India and announced it on June 3, 1947.
On this basis, the British Government passed the Indian Independence Act on July 16, 1947.
This act proposed the creation of two dominions India and Pakistan which were to be governed by the Government of India Act, 1935 till the new Constitution was made.
Princely states had the option to join any of the two dominions or remain independent.
This act had all the provisions related to the transfer of power from the British government to the dominions of India and Pakistan.