India’s population size and distribution

India is the 7th largest country in the world, and 2nd when it comes to total population count.

As human beings are the producers and consumers of resources, it is important to learn about them and their numbers.

The numbers related to India’s population

As per the 2011 census, India has a population of 1210.6 million.

This accounts for about 17.5% of the world’s population (2011 data).

The country’s area is around 3.28 million square km, which accounts for only 2.4% of the world’s landmass.

Let’s now see how the Indian population is distributed over this 3.28 million sq km area.

The 2011 Census data

Indian states have different numbers of people living there. Let us begin exploring some of these.

With a population of 199 million, Uttar Pradesh is the most populated state in India.

Whereas the population of Lakshadweep is only around 64000.

The population of Sikkim is just 0.6 million.

Rajasthan is the largest state in terms of area, but it has a population of only 5.5% of the total Indian population.

Almost half of India’s population lives in just 5 states of India.

These states are Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh.

India’s population density

Not only the population, but people living in each sq km of area also varies in our country.

This is what is defined as population density, the number of people per sq km of area.

India’s population is very unevenly distributed over the area of India.

As per the 2011 census, the population density of India was about 382 persons per sq km.

Population density of different states varies to a very high degree.

In Bihar, the population density is as high as 1102 persons per sq km, and is as low as 17 persons per sq km in Arunachal Pradesh.

Reasons for variation in population density

Unfavourable climatic conditions and terrain are the reasons why population density is low in some states.

These states include Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and many peninsular states.

On the other hand, the northern plains and coastal cities have very high density.

This is because of fertility of soil, and favourable climate and rainfall.

RECAP

India’s population, as per the 2011 census, is around 1201 million.

It accounts for 17.5% of the world’s population.

Uttar Pradesh is the most populated state in India, with around 199 million people.

On the other hand, the population of Lakshadweep is only around 64000 people.

Population density is the number of persons living per sq km of area.

India’s population density varies a lot, from 1102 persons/sq km in Bihar to only 17 in Arunachal Pradesh.

Reasons for varying population density is climate, terrain, and other factors like fertility of soil.

THE END