Introduction to Articles

You will notice that the nouns in a sentence are either specified or unspecified.

Like - He wanted to visit the Zoo that Sunday.

By using , we can understand that it was one specific zoo he wanted to visit on that specific Sunday.

But if we say, He wanted to visit a zoo on a Sunday.

By using , we can see it created a general statement, which means that he wanted to visit any zoo on any Sunday.

These little words that we use before a noun are called Articles.

Like - He wants to eat apple.

or, Can you please pass me hammer?

or, Iron Man is superhero

These are the three Articles used before a noun. They help determine whether the noun is specific or unspecific.

Now these Articles are also divided into two types.

1. Definite Article - which uses 'the' to define something as specific

2. Indefinite Articles - which use 'a' or 'an' to define something as unspecific.

Now let us dig deeper into Definite Article.

The definite article is used when BOTH the writer/speaker and the reader/listener know what is being referred to.

Like Josh asked Ron “Are you going to the party this weekend?”

The definite article tells you that Josh is referring to a specific party that both Josh and Ron know about.

Another example: The day Ron graduated, he felt like an adult.

The definite article says that Ron is not referring to any day but a specific day he graduated.

Now let us learn what Indefinite Articles are.

The indefinite articles is used to refer to something in general.

For example - I asked my friend, "Should I bring a gift to the party?”

So as you can see, I am not asking about a specific type of gift or a specific item, it can be anything.

Another example: Ron ate an orange.

In this example too, the orange Ron is eating is not specific, it can be an orange his mom gave him or it can be an orange he plucked from the garden.

So, now we know what Definite and Indefinite Articles are.

Now let us focus on when to use the Indefinite Article AN instead of A.

is used when the first sound of the next word is a vowel sound. The use of is determined by the sound, not the letter.

For example - He built a house within an hour.

Here, house and hour start with the same three letters; however, "house" uses a, and "hour" uses an. This is because "house" starts with a consonant sound, but "hour" starts with a vowel sound.

Revision

The little words that we use before a noun are called Articles.

These are the three Articles used before a noun, to determine whether it is specific or unspecific.

There are two types of Articles: 1. Definite Article - which uses 'the' to define something as specific

and 2. Indefinite Articles - which use 'a' or 'an' to define something as unspecific

The End