Introduction to Constitution

Let's Understand Constitution

We all are familiar with this situation.

But the situation does not remain the same always.

To avoid such situations certain rules and regulations are needed for the class. Or else there will be chaos.

Similarly, rules and regulations are required to run a nation properly.

These rules and regulations are contained in the Constitution.

So basically a constitution clearly provides rules and regulation to govern the country. It defines the powers and the functions of the government.

Importance of Constitution

Constitution gives an opportunity to citizens for participation in the functioning of government.

It helps in explaining the powers of government.

It explains the source of authority of the government.

It explains the fundamental rights of citizens.

Types of Constitution

The constitution can be divided on the basis of Nature of document and Nature of Polity.

Constitution type on the basis of Nature of Document

On the basis of Nature of document, the constitution can be divided into 2 types.

First is the Written Constitution.

A Written Constitution is in the form of a book or a series of documents combined in the form of a book.

The Constitution of India and the Constitution of America are examples of a Written Constitution.

The Second is the Unwritten Constitution. It is also known as Uncodified Constitution.

It is based on the customs and traditions of a country. For example, the British constitution has evolved on the basis of all these over a period of many centuries

Constitution on the basis of Nature of Polity

On the basis of Nature of Polity, the constitution can be also divided into 2 types

First one is the Unitary Constitution.

In a Unitary Constitution, all the powers are concentrated in the Central Government. The States are subordinate to the Central Government.

The Constitution of England is an example of the Unitary Constitution.

The Second one is the Federal Constitution.

In the Federal Constitution, all the powers are shared equally between Central Government and State Government.

The Constitution of the USA, Canada and Australia are examples of Federal Constitution.

Revision

A constitution is a basic law of the land. It provides rules and regulations to run a country.

Importance of the Constitution is that it gives an opportunity to citizens for participation in the functioning of government.

It explains the fundamental rights of citizens, the powers of government and the source of authority of the government.

The constitution can be divided on the basis of Nature of document and Nature of Polity.

On the basis of Nature of document, the constitution can be divided into 2 types. Written Constitution and Unwritten Constitution.

On the basis of Nature of Polity, the constitution can be divided into 2 types. Unitary Constitution and Federal Constitution.

The End.