Introduction to Rulers and Buildings

During 8th to 18th century there was a huge development in architecture in India.

In this period mainly two types of structures were constructed- places for rest and places for public activity.

Let’s Look at the places of rest

Forts

Palaces

Garden

Residences

Tomb

Let’s Look at the structures meant for public activity

Temples

Mosques

Tanks

Wells

Markets

An example of medieval architecture which exists even today is the Qutub Minar in Delhi.

Let’s Look at the Architecture of Qutub Minar

Qutub-ud-din Aybak constructed the Qutub Minar around 1199.

There are two bands of inscriptions in Arabic language under the balcony.

The surface of the minar is curved and angular.

Precision was required to place inscription on curved surface.

The second kind of structure were for public activities including temples, mosques, tanks, bazaars, etc.

To win the praise of their subjects, the kings made structures for their use and comfort.

Construction activities were carried out by others, including the merchants.

However, domestic architecture like large mansions (havelis) of the merchants has survived only from the 18th century.

Revision

Between 8th and 18th centuries, there were two types of structures that were constructed.

The first kind of structures were the forts, palaces, garden, residences and tombs.

The second kind of structures were for public activities like temples, wells, bazaars, etc.

Construction activities were carried out by others, including the merchants.

Qutub-ud-din Aybak constructed the Qutub Minar around 1199 in Delhi.

There are two bands of inscriptions in Arabic language under the balcony of the minar.

The surface of the minar is curved and angular and Precision was required to place an inscription on curved surface.

The End