Introduction to the President of India
Ram Nath Kovind. Narendra Modi.
They are the President and Prime Minister of India respectively.
The Prime Minister is the head of the government.
The President is the head of the State.
In our political system the head of the State exercises only nominal (very less) powers.
The President of India is like the Queen of Britain whose functions are to a large extent ceremonial.
The President supervises the overall functioning of all the political institutions in the country .
This is so that they operate in harmony to achieve the objectives of the state.
Let us look at the election of the President.
The President is not elected directly by the people.
All the Members of Parliament (MPs) and Members of State Legislative Assemblies (MLAs) elect him/her.
All the MPs and MLAs are elected by the people.Therefore the President is indirectly elected by us.
A candidate standing for President’s post has to get the majority of votes to win the election.
This ensures that the President can be seen to represent the entire nation.
Not just anyone can be the President of our country.
He/She must be a citizen of India.
He/She should be above 35 years of age (completed).
He/She must fulfill the eligibility conditions of the members of Lok Sabha.
He/She should be of sound mind.
The President also has work to do...
The functions of the President are of two types- Legislative and Executive Functions.
Looking at Legislative Functions...
1.To summon, prorogue (discontinue/stop) or dissolve the Parliament.
2.To address the first session of the Parliament by giving The ” Presidential speech”.
3. To nominate 9 Anglo- Indian members to Lok Sabha and appoint 12 members to Rajya Sabha.
4. To access every bill to be passed by the Parliament and the power to withhold a bill (Veto Power).
Looking at Executive Functions...
1. All the administrative work is carried out in the name of the President.
2. To appoint Prime Minister and their Councils.
3. To approve members in Union Public Service Commission & National Commission for Women.
The President is also a very powerful man...
He has Financial Powers.
Any financial bill has to go through the President before presenting in the Parliament.
He has Judicial Powers.
He can pardon the sentence of a convict declared by the Supreme Court.
After consulting with the Chief Justice of India, he appoints judges to the Supreme court & High Court.
He has Military Powers.
He acts as the supreme commander of Armed Forces.
The power to declare war or peace rests with the President.
Thus, we can see that the President in India doesn’t participate but only regulates the functioning of the Government.