Islam and Sufism

Islam is the second-largest religion in the world after Christianity, with about 1.8 billion Muslims worldwide.

Scholars date the creation of Islam to the 7th century, making it the youngest of the world religions.

Today, the faith is spreading rapidly throughout the world.

The religious scholars of Islam developed an ideology called Sufism.

Sufis believed in compassion, love, prayers as a medium to reach to God.

Sufis and Saints were common and it is believed that they adopted each other's ideas.

The Sufis did not believe in outer religious feelings and supported love and devotion to god.

They totally believed in kindness towards all living beings.

On the other hand, Islam strongly supported the devotion towards a single god.

During the 8th and 9th centuries, religious scholars developed different aspects of the Shariat law and theology of Islam.

Shariat is a code of living for Muslims related to praying, marriage, fasting, and others.

This made Islam a more complex religion, but Sufis gave another view for the personal devotion of god.

The Sufis didn’t believe in rituals and codes of behaviour made by religious scholars.

The Sufis expressed their feelings towards god through their poems.

Some of the great Sufis of Central Asia were Ghazzali, Rumi and Sadi.

Like the Nathpanthis, Siddhas, and Yogis, they too believed that the heart can be trained to look at the world in a different way.

They developed different methods of training like zikr, sama, raqs, etc under the guidance of the master or pirs.

This led to the beginning of Sufi teachers, each following a different method of ritual practice.

In India, a large number of Sufi saints settled during the rule of Delhi Sultanate.

The Chishti Silsila was the most influential order of Sufism in India.

Some of the Chishti teachers were Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, Baba Farid of Punjab, etc.

The Sufi masters organised their assemblies in their Khanqahs.

There they discussed spiritual matters, sought the blessings of the saints, or simply attended music and dance session.

Other people believed that Sufi saints have powers to cure their illnesses and troubles.

Due to this, the tomb of Sufi saint became a place of pilgrimage center.

Revision

The Muslims who used compassion, love, and prayer as a medium to be united with god were Sufis.

The Sufis did not believe in outer religious feelings and supported love and devotion to god.

On the other hand, Islam strongly supported the devotion towards a single god.

The Sufis didn’t believe in rituals and codes of behavior made by religious scholars.

They developed different methods of training like zikr, sama, raqs, etc. under the guidance of the master or pirs.

The Chishti Silsila was the most influential order in India. The Sufi masters organized their assemblies in their Khanqahs.

People believed that Sufi saints had powers to cure their illnesses and troubles. Due to this, the tomb of Sufi saint became a place of pilgrimage center.

The End