Legislative power of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
The ministers of our Parliament are powerful people.
They have Powers like those of making and enacting laws.
This is the power to legislate. The Members of Parliament thus have legislative powers.
The body or department exercising this power and function of legislating is known as the Legislature.
Considering an example, in our school there is a Principal who makes and enacts the laws or rules.
He/She makes such laws for the betterment of the students.
Similarly in our Parliament, there are 2 Houses that act like the Principal.
Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha are the two Houses of our Parliament.
They make laws and enact them for the betterment of the citizens of India.
Let us have a look at both these Houses of Parliament.
The upper house is known as the Council of States or Rajya Sabha.
And the lower house is known as the House of the people or Lok Sabha.
But this does not mean that Rajya Sabha is more powerful than Lok Sabha.
Lok Sabha members are elected directly under Universal Adult Franchise (UAF).
UAF means every individual above 18 years has a right to vote and choose their representative.
Members sit for five-year terms, after which they can be re-elected.
While Rajya Sabha’s member are chosen through an Indirect method.
In this method, the Lok Sabha elected by the people, then elects members of the Rajya Sabha.
Members sit for six-year terms, with one third of the members retiring every two years.
Thus, the Lok Sabha is more directly responsible to the people and hence is called the Lower House.
Both Houses of Parliament have legislative powers.
An ordinary bill can become law only after it has been passed by both the Houses of Parliament.
It can be introduced either in the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha.
When a bill is introduced and passed by the Lok Sabha, it is sent to the Rajya Sabha.
After it has secured the approval of Rajya Sabha, it goes to the President for his signature.
After this only it becomes a law.
Ordinary bills can be introduced in either of the Houses, but almost 90% of the bills have been introduced in the Lok Sabha.
In case the Rajya Sabha rejects a bill passed by the Lok Sabha and returns it with or without some amendments….
...the Lok Sabha reconsiders the bill.
If the Lok Sabha re-passes it and the Rajya Sabha is still not prepared to pass it, a deadlock occurs.
A deadlock means the situation in which no progress can be made.
If this deadlock remains unresolved for six months, the President summons a joint sitting of the two Houses.
The decision of the joint sitting is accepted by both the Houses.
In the sphere of ordinary law-making the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha enjoy equal powers.