Mansabdars and Jagirdars under Mughal Empire

Mughal Empire introduced many new systems in administration.

Among such systems were Mansabdars and Jagirdars that was introduced by Akbar.

Let us discuss about Mansabdars and Jagirdars

With the expansion of their empire, the mughals started recruiting different people.

Along with Turkish nobles, they also started to recruit Iranian, Indian muslims, Afghans, Rajputs, Marathas etc.

These people who joined mughal services were called as Mansabdars.

Mansabdar means the persons holding a rank and it was used for fixing rank, salary and military responsibilities.

The salary and rank was determined by a numerical value, zat.

The responsibility of Mansabdar was to maintain a specified number of sawar or cavalarymen.

Mansabdar brought his cavalrymen for review, branded their horse and then received money to pay them salary.

Mansabdars received their salaries as revenue assignments called jagirs.

Jagirs were the land which were given to the Mansabdars to collect revenue.

The revenue from the jagir was collected by the servants of Mansabdars.

These jagirs were strictly checked in Akbar’s region so that the revenue is equal to the salary of mansabdars.

In Aurangzeb’s rule, there was a huge increase in the number of mansabdars.

This led to shortage of jagirs.

This made jagirdars to collect more and more revenue upto when they had jagir.

Aurangzeb tried to control this but he failed in doing so.

Revision

Mughals recruited diverse bodies of people as their region was expanding

Beginning from Turkish nobles they expanded to Iranians, Indians, Muslims, Afghans, Rajputs, and Marathas

Those joining Mughal service were known as Mansabdars

Salary received by mansabdars are in the form of revenue assignment called jagirs.

This jagirs was strictly checked in Akbar’s region so that their salary is roughly equal to the mansabdars.

The End