Mountbatten Plan

Lord Mountbatten was the last Viceroy of India.

When he came to India in March 1947, the hostility between Hindus and Muslims was at its peak.

He was so upset by the communal tensions that he wanted to transfer power without delay.

He held lengthy discussions with Congress and Muslim League but failed to resolve the deadlock between them.

Therefore, he came to the conclusion that the partition of India was the only way to solve the problem.

He prepared a plan that provided for the partition of India. This plan was announced on June 3, 1947.

Provisions of Mountbatten Plan

The first provision was that the country would be divided into two Dominions of India and Pakistan.

The people of the province of NWFP will be asked whether they wanted to stay with the Union of India or Pakistan.

Third, the provinces of Assam, Bengal and Punjab were also to be divided.

Fourth, the states would have the option to join either of the two Dominions of India or Pakistan.

Fifth, the transfer of power was to be formalized on August 15, 1947.

The Mountbatten plan was accepted both by the Congress and the Muslim League.

India was about to become independent, but the long dream of Indian unity was shattered.

Congress leaders, including Gandhiji, accepted the partition with bitterness and a heavy heart.

Acceptance of the Mountbatten Plan

Massive violence and communal riots convinced the Congress leaders that there was no alternative to partition.

Sardar Patel said that “refusal for the demand for Pakistan will lead to division of the country into so many Pakistans".

The Congress had bitter experience working with the Muslim League in the Interim Government.

This experience convinced the Congress leadership that any joint government with the League would not be successful.

India could not afford a federation with a weak union government.

A strong and divided India was better than a weak though united India.

A further delay of Partition would have led to further continuation of the British Rule, which would have led to other problems.

Congress leaders were convinced that there could be civil war across India in case partition or transfer of power is delayed.

Revision

India became Independent on 15th August 1947 on the basis of the Mountbatten Plan.

He held lengthy discussions with Congress and Muslim League leaders but failed to resolve the deadlock between them.

He came to the conclusion that the partition of India could solve the Indian problem. He prepared a plan which was announced on June 3, 1947.

This plan had all the provisions related to partition and independence of India.

Congress leaders, including Gandhiji, accepted the partition but with bitterness and a heavy heart.

Massive voices and communal riots convinced the Congress leaders that there was no alternative to partition.

Congress leaders were convinced that there could be a civil war across India in delaying partition or transfer of power.

A delay in the partition would have led the continuation of British rule in India.

All these issues led to the acceptance of 3rd June plan by Congress and Muslim League.

The End