Mughal Military Campaigns

Mughal dynasty was one of the strongest dynasty that ruled over our country.

Mughals controlled almost entire Indian subcontinent collecting vast amount of money and manpower.

Every powerful Mughal emperor right from Babur to Aurangzeb led Military campaigns.

And because of these efficient military campaigns, Mughals were able to expand their territory.

Let’s Look at Mughal Military Campaigns starting from Babur

In 1494, Babur, the first Mughal emperor succeeded Ferghana throne at the age of 12.

Due to the invasion of mongol group, Uzbegs, Babur had to leave the throne.

He wandered many years, and finally captured Kabul in year 1504.

After two years in 1526, he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the sultan of Delhi in battle of Panipat.

Babur used canon warfare effectively in the Battle of Panipat.

After defeating Ibrahim Lodi, he was successful in capturing Delhi and Agra.

In 1527, he defeated Rana Sanga, the rajput ruler at Khanua.

And finally in 1528, he defeated Rajputs at Chanderi.

Now let us discuss Humayun’s Military Campaigns

Humayun lost to Sher khan at Chausa in 1539 and at Kanauj in 1540.

This made Humayun flee to Iran. Later with the help of Safavid shah, he recaptured Delhi in 1555.

Now let us look at the Military Campaigns of Akbar

Akbar became emperor at the age of 13 years.

During 1556-1570, Akbar led military campaigns against the Suris, Afghans, and kingdoms of Malwa and Gondwana.

In 1568 the Sisodiya capital of Chittor was seized and in 1569 Ranthambhor was captured.

After Akbar let us discuss about Jahangir's military campaigns

The Sisodiya ruler of Mewar, Amar Singh, accepted Mughal service in Jahangir's reign.

Prince Khurram, the future Emperor Shah Jahan, rebelled in the last years of his reign.

Now let us know about Shah Jahan's military campaigns

Under Shah Jahan, the Afghan noble Khan Jahan Lodi was defeated and campaigns were launched against Ahmadnagar, Bundelas.

Later Shah Jahan’s sons fought for the throne.

Aurangzeb killed his brothers and imprisoned his father Shah Jahan in Agra for the rest of his life.

Finally, let us discuss Aurangzeb's military campaigns

Aurangzeb's campaigns against Shivaji were initially successful. but later Shivaji declared himself an independent king and resumed his campaigns against the Mughals.

Aurangzeb annexed Bijapur in 1685 and Golconda in 1687.

Aurangzeb had to face the rebellion of the Sikhs, Jats and Satnamis, Ahoms and Marathas.

Revision

In 1494, Babur, the first Mughal emperor succeeded Ferghana throne. Due to the invasion of the Mongol group, Uzbegs, Babur left this ancestral throne.

Later he defeated Ibrahim Lodi in 1526 and, captured Delhi and Agra. He defeated Rana Sanga in 1527 and Rajputs of Chanderi in 1528.

Babur's son Humayun lost to sher khan at Chausa in 1539 and at Kanauj in 1540.

This made Humayun flee to Iran. Later with the help of Safavid shah, he recaptured Delhi in 1555.

Akbar led campaigns against Suri, Afghans, and Rajputs. He captured Chittor and Ranthambore

During Jahangir's reign, Mewar ruler Amar Singh accepted Mughal Service. Jahangir's son Khurram revolted against him.

During the rule of Shah Jahan, campaigns were launched against Ahmednagar and Bundelas. Shah Jahan's sons fought against eachother for the throne.

Aurangzeb killed his brothers, captured the throne and imprisoned Shah Jahan in Agra for rest of his life.

Aurangzeb launched campaigns against Shivaji. Later Shivaji declared himself independent and launched campaigns against Mughlas.

The End