Mughal Relations with Other Rulers
Initially, Mughal rulers were not friendly with other states' or kingdoms' rulers.
The Mughal rulers fought against the rulers of other kingdoms who refused to accept their authority.
But as the Mughals became powerful, many other rulers joined them voluntarily.
Some joined to form marriage alliances and some joined to gain protection.
Some of the Rajputs married their daughters to receive high positions.
The mother of Jahangir was a Kachhwaha princess, daughter of the Rajput ruler of Amber (modern-day Jaipur).
The mother of Shah Jahan was a Rathor princess, daughter of the Rajput ruler of Marwar (Jodhpur).
But not all Rajputs supported the Mughals, some resisted them as well.
Let us look at the rulers who were against Mughals
The Sisodiya Rajputs of Mewar refused to accept the Mughal rule for a long period of time.
When defeated by the Mughals, they were still treated with respect and honour.
Some part of the territory of the Sisodiya Rajputs were returned back as grants.
This careful balance of the Mughals between defeating and not humiliating their opponents helped them to extend their influence over many kingdoms.
However, maintaining this balance was not an easy task for the mughals.
An example of this is the incident when Aurangzeb insulted Shivaji when he came to accept the Mughal authority.
Aurangzeb imprisoned Shivaji and few days later Shivaji escaped from the prison in Agra.
Shivaji then became an independent king and resumed his campaigns against the Mughals.
Mughals continuously fought against those rulers who didn’t accept their rule.
Many Rajputs married their daughters in Mughal families in order to receive high positions.
Sisodiya Rajputs of Mewar refused to accept the Mughal rule for long period of time.
The careful balance of Mughals between defeating but not humiliating their opponents helped them to extend their influence.
But not every Mughal emperor could keep this balance. When Shivaji went to meet Aurangzeb, he imprisoned Shivaji.
Later Shivaji escaped from prison, declared himself independent and launched campaigned against Mughals.