Mughal Traditions of Succession
For a dynasty to rule for a long time,the successors should be very efficient.
Mughal dynasty ruled for centuries because he had great lineage of successors.
Let’s Learn about Mughal Traditions of Succession
The Mughals did not follow any definite law of succession.
The Mughals did not have primogeniture type of succession.
Primogeniture is the system were the eldest son becomes the next king.
Mughal followed custom of coparcenary.
Coparcenary is the system where the kingdom is divided between all the sons.
After the death of every emperor, there were bloody wars among emperor’s sons for the throne.
Each one used nobles and members of the royal family to get the throne.
These all efforts to capture the throne created anarchy among the empire.
Later, these nobels make conspiracies and made the mughal power weak and vulnerable.
Now, Let’s look at some successors of Mughal Dynasty
Babur, the founder of mughal empire defeated Afghans, Rajputs and controlled Delhi and Agra.
Babur’s son Humayun, divided the kingdomas per Babur’s will, and gave 1 province each to all his brothers.
His brother Mirza Kamran revolted against him.
Later, son of Humayun, Akbar had to face revolt of his half brother Mirza Hakim.
Even the military campaigns were inhibited in 1579-80 due to the revolt of Mirza Hakim.
The successor of Akbar was Jahangir who had to face revolt from his own son Prince Khurram, the future Emperor Shah Jahan.
Later, Shah Jahan had four sons who fought for the throne among which Aurangzeb won.
The Mughals had a coparcenary type of succession. They did not believe in Primogeniture.
Primogeniture is the system where the eldest son gets all the properties owned by his father.
Coparcenary is the method followed where all the children get equal share of their father's property.
The successor of Babur was Humayun, who gave 1 province each to all his brothers as per Babur's will.