Natural Vegetation

When we go to the deserts we see the small cactus plants.

And when we go to the Himalayas, we find big canopy trees.

These cactus and canopy trees are the natural vegetation of the desert and mountains.

Similarly, we can find many such varieties of trees and plants in different parts of the country.

These different types of vegetation have grown naturally without any human contribution and we call them Natural Vegetation.

Natural Vegetation exists only in the biosphere, where the lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere meet.

All the living beings including animals in the biosphere are dependent on each other for their survival.

This system of life-supporting each other is known as the ecosystem.

There are different types of Natural Vegetation in the forests, grasslands, deserts, and tundra.

Generally, forests have sufficient water that supports the big trees to grow.

As the amount of water availability decreases the size of the tree decreases.

So Grasslands have short trees and grasses as there is less water availability.

Deserts also have short trees such as thorny bushes because of low rainfall.

Deserts have plants with deep roots helping to draw underground water.

And leaves have a thorny and waxy surface that reduces the loss of moisture.

In polar regions, there is tundra vegetation that has mosses and lichens.

There are many uses of plants for both humans and animals.

Plants provide us the oxygen we breathe and absorb carbon dioxide.

Forests give shelter to animals.

They also give timber, fruits, nuts, latex, turpentine oil, gum, medicinal plants, and paper that is essential for our studies.

Trees in the shelterbelts protect the soil from erosion.

Revision

The plants growing without the care of humans are called natural vegetation.

Natural Vegetation exists only in the biosphere, where all the living beings interact and form an ecosystem.

Plants provide us the oxygen we breathe and shelter to animals. They prevent soil erosion.

The End