Objectives, Programmes and Activities of Non-Cooperation Movement
In his book 'Hind Swaraj' Mahatma Gandhi said that British could survive in India because of cooperation of Indians.
Therefore he asked Indians to stop cooperating with British and bring Swaraj in India.
Swaraj was not possible without mass participation.
To bring Swaraj, Mahatma Gandhi launched Non-Cooperation Movement.
Objectives of Non Cooperation Movement
The main objective of Non- Cooperation Movement was to achieve self-rule and attain independence.
The movement was launched to unite Indians under a common goal.
Gandhiji proposed many programs for Non-Cooperation Movement. He wanted to complete it in stages.
Programs of Non Cooperation Movement
The first program was to surrender the titles that were awarded by government.
People were asked to boycott civil services, army, police, court, educational institutions, elections and foreign goods.
In the boycott program, people refused to buy or use any foreign goods and take part in any British activity.
Many leaders of Congress wanted to contest council elections but Gandhiji advised to boycott elections also.
Finally, in December 1920, the Nagpur session of Congress Non-Cooperation Movement was adopted.
Achievements of Non Cooperation Movements
The non-cooperation movement was successful in many fronts.
Thousands of students left government schools and colleges and teachers resigned.
Lawyers gave up their legal practices in British courts.
People stopped using foreign goods and foreign cloths were burnt in huge bonfires.
Many new Indian industries came up and use of Indian products especially Khadi went up.
Indian educational institutions like Kashi Vidyapeeth, Jamia Milia were also set up to provide education to Indians.
But the most outstanding achievement of this movement was Hindu Muslim Unity.
Hindus and Muslims, both participated at large scale and a great unity was achieved between these two communities during the movement.
Withdrawal of Non Cooperation Movement
Mahatma Gandhi was a follower of non-violence. He wanted the movement to be organized in a non-violent manner.
But in 1922, an angered mob fired the police station at Chauri-Chaura (UP) and 22 policemen were killed.
Seeing the violence, Mahatma Gandhi decided to call off the movement.
Mahatma Gandhi called off the movement but this movement became very successful in developing the feeling of self-rule among Indians.
Non-Cooperation Movement was a non-violent movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi.
It was launched to achieve self-rule and unite Hindus and Muslims.
People surrendered titles awarded by British, boycotted government jobs, courts, educational institutions, police, army.
Foreign clothes were burnt in huge bonfires and Indian goods were promoted. People also started wearing Khadi clothes.
Many Indian industries and educational institutions were set up for Indians.
Hindu- Muslim unity was also achieved during this movement.
In February 1922, angered crowd brunt police station in Chauri-Chaura which led to the death of 22 Policemen.
Seeing this violence Mahatma Gandhi called off the movement but this movement helped in developing the feeling of self-rule among Indians.