Occupational structure

Look around yourself, and you will find people doing a variety of works for living.

There’s the bus driver that gets you to school each day, there are your teachers who teach you everything, and janitors who keep the school clean.

In your neighbourhood, there are shopkeepers, who sell whatever you want.

You might also find construction workers building a house in your neighbourhood.

These variety of works are called occupations.

These occupations can basically be classified into three types- primary, secondary, and tertiary.

Primary activities include animal husbandry, agriculture, fishing, and more.

Secondary activities include manufacturing, building, industrial work, etc.

Tertiary activities are communication, transport, administration, and other services.

Occupational structure varies from country to country, on the basis of development.

Developing nations like India have a higher number of people engaged in primary activities.

For example, 64% of Indian workforce is engaged in agriculture and related activities.

In recent times, there has been a shift to secondary and tertiary sectors, due to growing industrialization.

At present, about 13 and 20% of population depends on secondary and tertiary sectors respectively.

The people of any country can earn money as long as they are healthy. So a healthy population is very important for a country.

let us see the health status of Indian population

Health is a very important characteristic when it comes to population of a country.

Over the years, many improvements have been made in the health of the Indian population.

Death rates have come down to 7.2 per 1000 as per 2011 data, and life expectancy is about 67.9 years.

Public health improvements, prevention of infections, and modern medicine practices have led to improved health conditions for Indians.

There is a disparity in healthcare when it comes to urban and rural areas.

Only 33% of the rural population has access to clean drinking water and sanitation.

Malnutrition affects a large part of the rural population, mostly children.

It is important that we tackle these problems and take proper steps to ensure that India stays healthy.

RECAP

Indians today are engaged in a variety of occupations.

Occupational structure is divided into three segments- primary, secondary, and tertiary.

Primary occupations include animal husbandry and agriculture related activities, while secondary include manufacturing and others.

Tertiary occupations are communication, administration, and other services.

Indian population is heavily dependent on primary occupations, being a developing country.

Healthcare in India has been improving significantly in the past years.

Death rates have gone down, and life expectancy has gone up, due to public healthcare services, prevention of infectious diseases, etc.

However, rural Indian healthcare is still a major problem. Over 66% of the rural population does not have sanitation or clean water access.

THE END