Parliamentary and Presidential Democracy
Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India interacts with Donald Trump President of America
Even though their titles are different, they both are said to be on same level in the government
This is because India follows Parliamentary Democracy.
And USA follows Presidential Democracy.
Let us see what is Democracy
Democracy is defined as a government of the people, by the people, for the people.
In Democracy, people choose their representatives
Democracy is of 2 types- 1.Parliamentary Democracy 2.Presidential Democracy
Let us explore the Parliamentary Democracy in India
It is a form of representative democracy where political power is vested in an elected legislature...
But here the executive and legislative branches are not separate.
Legislature is the law making organ/body of the government.
The party with the greatest representation in the parliament forms the government.
The leader of that party becomes the Prime Minister or Chancellor.
Executive functions are exercised by members of the parliament appointed by the prime minister to the cabinet.
The parties in the minority become the opposition in the parliament and challenge the majority.
Prime ministers may be removed from power if they lose the confidence of the majority of the ruling party or of the parliament.
The parliamentary system originated in Britain and was adopted in several of its former colonies.
Parliamentary Democracy is followed in India, Germany, Bangladesh, Italy, Nepal, Singapore, Greece, Iraq etc.
Let us further explore the Presidential Democracy in USA
A presidential democracy is where the executive is elected separately from the legislative organ of the government.
The Chief Executive (The President) is elected for a fixed period and cannot be removed except by extraordinary procedure.
In the American presidential system, the legislature must debate and pass laws and policies.
The president has the power to veto a bill, preventing its adoption.
Veto is the right to give a final decision for or against a bill.
The legislature can override the president's veto if it can get enough votes.
Presidential Democracy is followed in USA, Brazil, Indonesia, Turkey, Mexico, Nigeria etc.
Now that we have seen both forms of Democracy, let us compare them
1.Leader of the majority is the President in Presidential Democracy, and Prime Minister in Parliamentary Democracy.
2. During elections, the President, is directly voted by the people. The Prime Minister, is elected from the legislative branch directly.
3.Accountability and Responsibility: President is accountable to general public only.
Thus it is difficult to remove him from power even if he does not cooperate with the legisturature
But ,the prime minister is accountable to the public and also the elected government
Therefore the parliament can pass a ‘No Confidence’ motion to remove him from power.
If someone believes that government should have more checks and balances, then a Presidential system gives that.
If someone believes that it should have the power to make laws quickly, then they should go for a Parliamentary system.
Out of these two types of Government, we cannot say one is better than the other.
Both are forms of Democracy, and thus, give power to people. That is what matters!