Philosophy and Bhakti

During Bhakti movement, Hindu society was suffering from the burden of religious practices.

The society was caste based which encouraged division and untouchability.

Because of this, other religions were able to win many followers especially the people belonging to lower cast.

Philosophers like Ramanuja and Shankara came across this situation and worked as a bridge between different religion.

Let’s Study about Ramanuja

Ramanuja was born in Tamil Nadu during 11th century.

He was deeply influenced by Alvars, devotees of Vishnu.

According to him, the best means of attaining salvation was through deep devotion to Vishnu.

Ramanuja also spread the philosophy of Vishishtadvaita or qualified oneness.

Vishishtadvaita says that every soul is independent and unique.

It also says that even if the soul unifies with the Supreme God, its existence remains independent.

Ramanuja’s doctrine greatly inspired the new ideaof bhakti, especially in North India.

Now Let’s Study about Shankara

Shankara was the influential philosopher born in Kerala in 8th century.

He was an advocate of Advaita or the doctrine of oneness of the individual soul and the Supreme god.

Shankra taught that Brahman is the ultimate reality.

Brahman is formless and does not have any qualities.

According to him, the world around us to be an illusion and preached rejection of world.

He also preached to adopt the path of knowledge to understand the true nature of Brahman and attain salvation.

Revision

Ramanuja was born in Tamil Nadu during 11th century.

According to him, the best means of attaining salvation was through deep devotion to Vishnu. He gave the theory of Vishishtadvaita.

Vishishtadvaita says, the soul when united with the Supreme God, remains distinct.

Shankara was also an influential philosopher born in Kerala in 8th century.

He was an advocate of Advaita or the doctrine of the oneness of the individual soul and the Supreme god.

According to him, the world around us to be an illusion and preached rejection of the world.

The End