Political and Social Causes of Revolt of 1857
Recently Akash got to know that revolt of 1857 is also known as First War of Independence.
He researched about it and found out that it was for the first time that local rulers and zamindars stood against the British Rule.
But now he wanted to know that why Indian rulers stood against the powerful rule of British Empire and how their political power was affected by British rule.
Let us know the political causes of Revolt of 1857
British rules and policies were the root cause of the Revolt of 1857. Many were affected by policies.
Let’s get the details of Nawabs and their power
In mid-eighteenth century, nawabs and rajas started losing their power.
Their freedom was reduced and their territories were taken away one by one under the doctrine of lapse policy.
Rani Laxmibai’s adopted son was not considered as heir and Nana Saheb who was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II was also denied pension.
Nana Saheb pleaded for father’s pension but British use military power to put down his pleas.
In 1856, Lord Dalhousie annexed Awadh in the name of misgovernance.
Company also tried to end Mughal dynasty.
Dalhousie declared that after Bahadur Shah Zafar’s death, his family will not be allowed to live in Red fort.
Lord Canning declared that Bahadur Shah Zafar would be the last Mughal king and after his death his descendents would be called as Prince.
British not only changed India politically but they introduced many new changes in social and religious life of Indians.
Social Causes of Revolt
British were looking for reforming the Indian society so they introduced many changes.
They abolished sati, child marriage and female infanticide. They also passed the law which allowed widows to remarry.
In 1850 a new law was passed to make Christianity conversion easier. The Indians however did not like it.
British also introduced railways, telegraph and western education.
Indians thought that the British were trying to destroy their culture and interfering in their social and religious customs.
All these reasons became the causes of anger of Indians which set the ground for the revolt.
Let us Revise
Indian rulers were ruling on our country since ages and they were hugely popular among masses but British government took both the things; their freedom and respect.
Rani Laxmibai, Nana Saheb, Bahadur Shah Zafar all became the victims of British policies and their unjust laws.
British also introduced many reforms such as ban on Sati, girls’ education, western education and widow remarriage but all these were seen as the efforts to destroy our culture.
Many new things such as railways, telegraph, English education were also not accepted by society and led to the dissatisfaction.