Placing the indirect object before the direct object.

Kids were playing football. Rohan scored a goal and won the match for his team.

His mother gave him a hug as he had played very well.

The words highlighted in green like, 'football', 'hug', 'goal','match' in the passage are called direct objects. The words highlighted in yellow, 'him', is called indirect object.

Before we learn what Direct and Indirect objects are, we will look into what an object is.

An object is a part of a sentence. They are usually noun or pronoun. They follow the verb in a sentence.

The object here is 'basketball'. 'Play' is the verb followed by the object.

'Pass' is the verb followed by the objects 'me' and 'book'.

Now, lets see the different types of objects.

There are two types of objects: Direct Objects Indirect Objects

First, let us learn about Direct Object

Direct objects are the receivers of the action in a sentence.

To find the direct object, ask the question: ‘what’ to the verb of the sentence.

‘gave’ is the verb and what did he give- ‘pen’. So, ‘pen’ is the 'direct' object.

Now we will see what Indirect Objects are.

Indirect objects are nouns or pronouns which tell us 'for whom/what' or 'to whom/what' the action is done.

The verb is 'gave'. So, whom did Anna give a 'flower'? The answer we get is ‘me’. Hence, 'me' becomes the 'indirect' object.

Let’s see one more example.

Ask the question, ‘for whom’ the food is served: the 'customer'. So, 'customer' is the 'indirect' object. What is served, ‘Food’, is the direct object.

In a sentence, if we have both indirect and direct objects, 'indirect' object always comes before the 'direct' one.

Sentences which have Indirect objects do not have words like 'to' or 'for'. So, we always write Indirect objects before the direct ones.

We will see this with the help of examples.

What is given? Answer is necklace. So, it is a direct object. To whom is it given, me. Hence, me becomes the indirect object.

‘What’ is given:'Dress'. So, dress is the direct object. ‘To whom’ the dress is given ‘mother’. Mother is the indirect one.

Mother comes before dress.

'Grandmother' is the Indirect object, which comes before the direct object 'song'.

Revision

An object is a part of a sentence. There are two types of objects: Indirect object and Direct object.

Direct objects are the receivers of the action in a sentence. We ask the question ‘what’ to the verb to identify the direct object.

Indirect objects are nouns or pronouns which tell us 'for whom/what' or 'to whom/what' the action is done.

Sentences which have Indirect objects do not have words like 'to' or 'for'. So, we write Indirect objects before the direct ones.

The End!