Prashastis and Land Grants

Visit to a Historic Place

On a Sunday afternoon, Rahul went to visit a historic place with his father.

He saw a statue of the king Nagabhata with his achievements written below.

He asked his father, “How did the people come to know about the achievements of the kings and rulers?”

His father replied, “These details were written by the learned Brahmanas who helped in the system of administration.”

For this work, the Brahmanas were rewarded with grants of land.

These rewards were recorded in Prashastis and were given to those who received the land.

Rahul was confused and asked his father, “What are Prashastis?”

His father replied, “Prashastis were copper plates which were used to record important data.”

Rahul asked, “Were they given only land as a reward?”

Rewards given with the land

His father replied, "They were given many more things along with the land. It Includes trees, wells, canals, fish ponds, etc."

They could collect taxes from the land given to them.

They could build large rooms with upper stories made of baked bricks.

They were provided with small wells and canals constructed for irrigation.

Rahul requested his father to share the achievements of king Nagabhata.

Achievements of Nagabhata

His dad said, “Nagabhata was a very brave king. He was victorious over Chakrayudha."

He defeated the king of Vanga, Anarta, Malava, Kirata, Turushka, Vata and many more.

Rahul asked, “Were these details written by the Brahmanas are true?”

His father said, “They might not be literally true, but there was a long Sanskrit poem which was not like other writings.”

A long Sanskrit poem

Rahul asked, “How it was different from the writings of Brahmanas?”

His father replied, “This poem was composed by an author named Kalhana.”

He wrote the history of Kashmiri kings by reading inscriptions, documents, eyewitness accounts, and earlier histories.

Rahul was happy by knowing all these knowledge and thanked his father.

Revision

The achievements of kings were written by learned Brahmanas who worked in kings administration.

In return, the kings often rewarded the Brahmanas by granting land and many more rewards.

The one who received the land could collect taxes from it, like tax on betel leaves, wells woven cloths and others.

Nagabhata was a very brave king, who was victorious over Chakrayudha, king of Vanga, Anarta, Malava, Kirata, Turushka, Vata and many more.

Kalhana wrote the history of the kings who ruled over Kashmir by reading inscriptions, documents, eyewitness accounts, and earlier histories.

The End