Predecessors of the Indian National Congress

In the second half of the 19th century there was a rise and development of national political consciousness among Indians.

During this period many political associations were established in different parts of India.

These were local organizations only.

But they played an important role in foundation of Indian National Congress in 1885.

Dadabhai Naoroji and Surendra Nath Banerjee were among the forerunners in the establishment of congress in India.

Dadabhai Naoroji

Dadabhai Naoroji was also known as ‘The Grand Old Man of India.’

In 1866, he laid the foundation of the East India Association in London.

He was of the opinion that the British nation was fair and good.

He wanted people of England to know about the real condition of Indians.

He was among the first Indians to come up with the idea of swaraj.

He was a great economist and said that an expensive system of British rule and administration was a heavy burden on the poor resources of India.

Surendra Nath Banerjee

He founded the Indian Association in 1876 to promote the unity of the Indian people.

There were three main objectives of the Indian Association.

First, to organize a powerful public opinion.

Second, to promote the unity of the Indian people.

Third, to make the national movement broad.

This association led agitations against discriminatory and oppressive acts.

It was also against reducing the age limit for ICS exam from 21 years to 19 years.

Revision

The second half of the 19th century saw the rise and development of national political consciousness.

During this period various political associations were established in different parts of India.

They played an important role in the foundation of the Indian National Congress in December 1855.

Dadabhai Naoroji was also known as ‘The Grand Old Man of India.’ In 1866 he laid the foundation of the East India Association in London.

He said that the expensive system of British rule and administration had a bearing on India's poor resources.

Surendra Nath Banerjee founded the Indian Association to organize in 1876 to promote the unity of the Indian people.

The End