Present Participle

There are days when our teachers cannot come to class.

And we all know what that means...

Substitute teacher!

For this day, the substitute teacher does the work of our regular teacher.

This is what Verbals do too.

They are verbs which do the work of nouns, adverbs or adjectives.

A Participle is one such type of verbal.

A participle is a verbal, because it is a verb which does the work of an adjective.

We know that an adjective is something which modifies a noun.

A participle also modifies a noun, which is why we say it acts like an adjective.

There are two types of participles, Present Participle and Past Participle.

Let us learn some more about Present Participles.

We call them present participles because they look like verbs which are in the present continuous tense.

In other words, these verbs end in “-ing”.

Let us look at some examples to understand this better.

“Foaming soap”

Here, “foaming” is describing what kind of soap it is.

So, “foaming” is doing the work of an adjective, because it is adding meaning to the noun “soap”.

Let us look at another example.

“Steaming soup”

Here, “steaming” is showing us something specific about the soup.

So, it is doing the work of an adjective, because it is describing the noun “soup”.

Now that we know what present participles are, let us see how to identify them.

There is a trick to help us identify present participles.

First, we must spot the verb ending in -ing.

The next step is to see if it acts as an adjective.

We do this by asking the question “Which?” to the noun which is next to it.

Let us look at an example and apply our new trick.

“She bought a chocolate from the smiling lady.”

The verb ending in -ing here is “smiling”.

Now we ask the noun the question “Which?”

The noun here is “lady”.

When we ask the question “Which lady?”, we get the answer “The smiling lady.”

So “smiling” is acting like an adjective, which adds meaning and tells us something about the “lady”.

“Smiling” has passed both of our tests, so we know it has to be a participle!

Let’s recap what we’ve learnt!

A verbal is a verb which does the work of a noun, adjective or adverb.

A participle is a verbal because it is a verb which does the work of an adjective.

There are two kinds of participles, present participles and past participles.

The trick to identify present participles is to find the verb ending in “-ing” and asking “Which?” to the noun beside it.

The “Which?” Test tells us if the verb acts like an adjective or not.

That’s all Folks!