Structure of Judiciary

India is one of the biggest countries in the world with a strong judiciary system.

The Indian Judiciary functions with the help of courts.

India has three levels of court. They resemble the shape of a pyramid.

Let's discuss this structure of Judiciary in detail

As we all know, India is a country with many states and each state has many districts.

The highest court in India is the Supreme court. It is located in Delhi.

The Chief Justice of India heads the Supreme court.

The decisions taken by the Chief Justice at the Supreme court is followed by all other lower courts.

Each state has a court called High court. It is the highest court of that particular state.

Each district has its own court called District courts. It is presided over by a District Judge.

India has an integrated judicial system because all the levels of courts are dependent and interconnected.

Let's understand this integration through the appellate system

In Appellate system, initially, a person approaches the lower court to solve any disputes.

If the person is not satisfied with the decision of the lower court, he/she can appeal in the higher court.

After hearing the appeal, the higher court can make their own decisions.

The higher court can either accept the judgment of the lower court or reject it.

If the higher court changes the decision of the lower court then the lower court has to accept the decision.

For the efficient working of the judiciary, there should be a proper legal system.

The Indian Legal System consists of two branches namely Criminal and Civil Law.

Criminal Law

Criminal Law deals with crimes such as murder, robbery, an assault that are committed against society.

As per Criminal Law, to start a case, an individual cannot file a petition directly in a court.

The individual registers FIR with the police for investigation. After which a case is filed.

For example, if a woman is harassed due to dowry or any other reason.

So, the woman can file FIR at the police station.

Police will investigate the case and file the case in court.

After the case is filed, if the accused has really committed the crime, he would be sent to jail or fined.

Civil law

Civil Law deals with disputes related to Property, Money, Housing, marriage, adoption, etc.

In the case of Civil Law, the affected individual needs to file a case in the Court.

Once the individual files the case, the court takes necessary action on the accused.

For example, if a person has not paid the rent of the house.

In this situation, either the landlord can file a case.

The court can order for the flat to be vacated or pending rent to be paid. (Keep the image of the house also)


There are three different levels of court in India. The Supreme Court is the highest court.

The decisions made by the Supreme Court are binding on all other courts in India.

The appellate system helps to maintain the Judiciary integration.

If any person is not happy with the decision of the lower court, he/she can appeal in the higher court.

The lower court has to accept the decision of the higher court.

The End