Subsidiary Alliance

Nia was fond of stories. She used to read them every night before sleeping.

Indian History Heroes were her favorite ones. She loved their stories and their struggle.

In one story she read about British Subsidiary Alliance and how this policy strengthened the British power in India.

The next day, She went to her history teacher and asked her teacher that what is Subsidiary alliance? The teacher said let me explain it to you.

Let’s start by knowing about Subsidiary Alliance

Subsidiary Alliance was developed from 1798 to 1805, by the Governor General Lord Wellesley.

Subsidiary Alliance was a kind of agreement between British East India Company and the Indian Princely states

Because of the Subsidiary Alliance, Indian Kingdom lost their entire independence to the British Company.

Let’s note the points about Subsidiary Alliance

With Subsidiary Alliance, an Indian ruler was compelled to keep a british troop in his state.

The ruler had to pay some amount to British Army for maintenance on regular basis. In return British protected the Indian states.

Although British promised to not to interfere in state’s internal matters, they kept on poking.

Rulers couldn’t employ anyone other than Englishmen. If they did so, they had to terminate them as soon as possible.

One Indian state couldn’t connect politically with any other Indian state without Company’s approval.

Indian states can not declare war or make peace with any other state without British permission.

The Britishers appointed a resident in the Indian ruler’s court who could interfere in the internal matters of the kingdom.

In result to this, Indian Ruler lost his independence and became a protector of British company.

Let’s discuss the effects of Subsidiary Alliance

As the first and foremost effect of Subsidiary Alliance was unemployment of Indians.

Indian States started losing their independence with the times as many parts came under British control.

Let’s know about the places where Subsidiary Alliance was accepted

Subsidiary Alliance was first accepted by the Nizam of Hyderabad in 1798


Subsidiary Alliance was framed by Lord Wellesley and then applied by Marquis Dupleix, for the first time

Subsidiary Alliance was a kind of handcuff for Indian Rulers, where British took all the rights away.

Subsidiary Alliance was an agreement between the Company and Rulers that allowed the British to intervene in the internal matters of the Kingdom.

The rulers were compelled to dissolve their armed forces and to pay the maintenance fee to Company.

Rulers lost their powers over foreigners and their military power. They worked like a British protector more than a ruler.

In 1798, Nizam of Hyderabad was the first one to accept the Subsidiary Alliance.