The Architectural Splendour of Hampi

By the 16th century, most of southern India was ruled by the Vijayanagara Empire with Hampi as its capital.

One of the important features of this period was the development of architecture.

Today Hampi ruins are famous across the world and it has become one of the most visited sites by the tourists.

Let us try to explore the architecture of Hampi

Hampi is a village in southern Karnataka located on the Krishna-Tungabhadra basin.

It was founded in 1336 and formed a central part of the Vijayanagara empire.

The historical remains of Hampi reveal that it was a well-fortified town.

For the construction of walls, mortar or cementing agents were not used.

The walls were joined together by the interlocking method.

The buildings in the royal complex had beautiful arches, domes and pillared halls.

Well planned gardens and orchards were also found in the buildings.

The gardens and orchards had sculptural motifs such as lotus and corbels.

During the 16th century, the markets of Hampi were filled with Muslim merchants, Chettis and European traders.

Cultural Activities in Temples of Hampi

The temples of Hampi were the place of cultural activities.

The temples had devadasis or temple dancers for performing dance.

They performed before the deity, royalty, and masses in the Virupaksha temple.

Mahanavami or Navratri festival was the most important festival celebrated at Hampi.

This can be proved by the Mahanavami platform found by an archaeologist.

On these platforms, the king received guests and accepted tribute from subordinate chiefs.

From that platform, the king also watched dance and music performances as well as wrestling bouts.

Hampi was flourishing well until the Vijayanagara kingdom was defeated by the Deccan Sultans in 1565.

The Deccan Sultans were the rulers of Golconda, Bijapur, Ahmadnagar, Berar, and Bidar.

Revision

Hampi is a village in southern Karnataka located on the Krishna-Tungabhadra basin.

Hampi ruins revealed that it was a well-fortified town in which no mortar or cementing agents were used in its construction.

The buildings in the royal complex of Hampi had beautiful arches, domes and pillared halls with niches for holding sculptures.

The temples of Hampi were the hub of cultural activities. The temples had devadasis or temple dancers for performing dance.

Mahanavami or Navratri festival was the most important festival celebrated at Hampi.

Hampi was flourishing well until the Vijayanagara kingdom was defeated by the Deccan Sultans in 1565.

The End