The Cabinet Mission Plan

The general elections were held in England in after the World War II.

The Labor Party came to power and Clement Attlee was appointed as Prime Minister.

He sent a mission of three-members to find a solution to Indian problems known as Cabinet Mission.

They tried to talk to Indian leaders but they could not reach to any solution.

Lastly, cabinet mission made his own plan which is called Cabinet Mission Plan.

Let’s talk about the provisions and clauses of the Cabinet Mission Plan

The first provision was that there was to be a federation of all the provinces and states of India.

The second provision was that the federal center would control only defense, foreign affairs and communications.

It is also stated that the provinces would take care of other subjects and also control residuary powers.

The third provision was that the Union would have a legislature and its own executive.

The legislature will pass laws on the subjects of Union List which will be implemented by the Union Executive.

The provinces would be free to form regional associations to which they will surrender certain powers by mutual consent.

There were three groups of provinces.

The fifth provision was that each group would have a separate constitution.

And, if a province chooses to go out of the group after the first general elections, it will have the option to do so.

The sixth provision was that the state would not be under the direct control of the Union.

States would decide for themselves which powers to surrender to centre.

A constituent Assembly will be elected to draw up the future constitution of India. This was the seventh provision.

The Assembly will have a total 389 members.

The eighth provision was that until the constitution is ready, an interim government shall be formed.

This government will have members from all the parties. It will have 14 members in all.

The final provision was that the Union of India would be free to remain in or out of the British Commonwealth.

Revision

Clement Attlee was appointed as Prime Minister and sent a three-member mission to find a solution to Indian problems.

The members of the mission were Lord Patrick Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A V Alexandar.

The Cabinet Mission submitted its own plan which is called the Cabinet Mission Plan.

It provided for the federation of centre and states. All the states were divided into three groups.

The state would not be under the direct control of the Union. They would decide for themselves which powers to surrender to centre.

A constituent Assembly will be elected to draw up the future constitution of India.

The Assembly will have 389 members with 292 from the provinces, 4 from the Chief Commissioner Provinces and 93 from the Indian states.

Until the constitution is ready, an interim government of all parties. It will have 14 members.

The Union of India would be free to remain in or out of the British Commonwealth.

The End