Cold Desert

A cold desert is a place where you can feel cold air and the harsh heat of the sun at the same time.

Cold deserts are generally found on the flat highlands.

There are many cold deserts throughout the world. But the most famous one is the Ladakh Desert.

Ladakh is made up of two words – “La” meaning ‘mountain pass’ and “Dak” meaning ‘country’.

Ladakh is a beautiful place. So many people all over the world go there for a tour.

Let us discuss Ladakh's location, flora and fauna, and the people

Location of Ladakh

Ladakh is located on the eastern side of the Jammu Kashmir.

Leh is the capital of Ladakh and is well connected by both land and air to the rest of the country.

To the North of Ladakh, there is Karakoram Range and in the south, is the Zanskar mountains.

Several rivers flow through Ladakh. Indus is one of the famous rivers among them.

Several Glaciers are found in Ladakh. Gangri glacier is one of them.

The great Himalayas passes through the Ladakh.

Due to these Himalayas, Ladakh is located on highlands.

The altitude in Ladakh varies from 3000m in Kargil to more than 8000m in the Karakoram.

Altitude is the height of a place from the sea level.

Due to its location at a high altitude, the climate here is very cold.

The day time temperatures are just above 0-degree celsius.

The night time temperatures go to extreme -30 degrees celsius. In winters that can go up to -40 degrees too.

Flora and Fauna of Ladakh

Rainfall is very low in Ladakh. So there are not many plants and trees in Ladakh.

The trees of willows and poplars are seen in the valleys of Ladakh.

During the summers, fruit trees like apples, apricots and walnuts grow.

Several migrating birds like Robins, Redstarts, and Storks are seen.

Ladakh has animals like wild goats, sheep, yak, and dogs.

Yak milk is used for making cheese and butter. The hair of the sheep and goat is used to make woollens.

People of Ladakh

The people in Ladakh are either Muslims or Buddhists.

Ladakh has many Buddhist monasteries. These monasteries are called 'Gompas'.

Monasteries are the temples of the Buddhists.

Some famous monasteries in Ladakh are Hemis, Thiksey, Shey, and Lamayuru.

In winter, people celebrate festivals and ceremonies.

In summer people spend their time in farming. They grow barley, potatoes, peas, beans, and turnip.

Women work in their houses and farmlands. They also manage businesses and shops.

Ladakh has a shortage of natural resources like water and wood.

But people live in balance with nature by not wasting the available resources.

Revision

A cold desert is a place where you can feel cold air and the harsh heat of the sun at the same time.

Ladakh is a perfect example of a cold desert.

Indus river flows through Ladakh and Gangri is a famous glacier.

The temperatures are just extreme, days are very cold and nights are freezing.

Due to this weather condition, the vegetation is very scarce.

During the summer fruits like apples, apricots and walnuts grow.

Animals like goat, sheep, yak and special kinds of dogs are found.

People here are Muslims and Buddhists.

Buddhist monasteries dot the Ladakhi landscape with their traditional 'Gompas'.

In summer people cultivate barley, potatoes, peas, beans, and turnip.

People live in balance with nature by not wasting the available resources.

The End