The History of Delhi

Delhi is the most important city in India because it is India’s capital.

But earlier it was not that popular. From the 12th century onwards it gained a lot of importance.

Early Rulers of Delhi

The political importance of Delhi in India grew right from the days of the Rajput rulers.

Delhi first became the capital of a kingdom of the Tomara Rajputs.

Raja Anangpal established it with the name Dilli or Dhilli.

He established Lal Kot which is the first fort of Delhi.

The Tomaras ruled over Delhi for 15 years. After them, Delhi was captured by the Chauhans of Ajmer.

Under Tomaras and Chauhanas rule, Delhi became an important trade centre.

Delhi was the house of many Jain merchants who built many Jain temples.

There was a wide circulation of a coin known as Dehliwal.

Delhi became a powerful capital at the time of the Delhi sultanate.

Delhi Sultanate

From 1206 to 1526, there were five different dynasties that ruled Delhi.

The five different dynasties were : Mamluk, Khalji, Tughlaq, Sayyid, and Afghan.

The Mamluk dynasty ruled from 1206 to 1290. Some of its rulers are Qutbuddin Aibak, Raziya Sultan and others.

Mamluk dynasty was overthrown by the Khalji dynasty who ruled from 1290 to 1320.

Some of the famous rulers of the Khalji dynasty are Jalaluddin Khalji and Alauddin Khalji.

After the Khalji dynasty, the Tughluq dynasty ruled over Delhi from 1320 to 1414.

Some important rulers of the Tughluq dynasty are Ghiyasuddin Tughluq, Muhammad Tughluq, and Feroz Shah Tughluq.

After the Tughluq dynasty, the Sayyid dynasty ruled from 1414 to 1451. Khizr Khan was one of the rulers of this dynasty.

The last dynasty of the Delhi sultanate was the Lodi dynasty which ruled from 1451 to 1526.

Bahlul Lodi was an important ruler of the Lodi dynasty.

Many sultans of these dynasties built many cities in the area that we now know as Delhi.

Revision

Delhi first became the capital of a kingdom under the Tomara Rajputs, who were defeated by the Chauhans.

The transformation of Delhi started with the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate at the beginning of the thirteenth century.

During the rule of Tomaras and Chauhans, Delhi was the house of many Jain merchants who built many Jain temples.

The five different dynasties of Delhi sultanate were Mamluk, Khalji, Tughlaq, Sayyid and Afghan Lodi.

Many sultans of these dynasties built many cities in the area that we now know as Delhi.

The End