The Idea of a Supreme God
As India has different cultures, religions and faith; every religion has its own idea of Supreme god.
People perform different rituals of worship likie singing bhajans, kirtans or qawwalis.
Some people worship the god in silence to relax mind and soul.
The devotion or love of God has been developed by Bhakti and Sufi movements since the eighth century.
Before the formation of large empires, the different group of people worshiped their own god and goddesses.
As the towns, traders and empire grew, these different group of people came together.
It was believed that people pass through cycles of birth while doing good and bad activities.
Also, people started to believe that all human beings are not equal even at birth.
Many texts supported that social privileges came from birth in a noble family or high caste.
On the other hand, there were also people who didn’t support such ideas and followed the teachings of Buddha or the Jainas.
According to the teachings, it is possible to overcome social differences and break the cycle of rebirth through personal efforts.
But others believed that Bhakti of Supreme God can free people from cycles of birth and death.
This idea was in the Bhagavadgita that became popular in the early centuries of the Common Era.
Later, Shiva, Vishnu, and Durga became the Supreme Gods and worshipped by various rituals.
The local myths and legends became part of puranic stories.
The methods to worship Gods and Goddesses mentioned in Puranas became part of local tradition.
The Puranas also supported that it is possible for the lower castes to receive blessings of God.
Later, the idea of bhakti was also adopted by Buddhists and Jainas.
Let Us Revise
Before the formation of large empires, the different groups of people worship their own Gods and Goddesses.
It was also believed that all human beings are not equal and the people who born in noble families and higher castes have more privileges.
The idea emerged that people pass through cycles of birth while doing good and bad activities.
On the other hand, there were also people who don’t support such ideas and followed the teachings of Buddha or the Jainas.
Some people believed that through Bhakti of Supreme God they can be free from cycles of birth.
Shiva, Vishnu and Durga became the Supreme gods and worshipped by various rituals.
The methods of worship god that were described in puranas became part of local tradition.
The puranas also supported that it is possible for the lower castes to receive blessings of god.
Idea of bhakti became so popular that even Buddhist and Jainas also adopted it.