In a republic country, the head of the state is an elected person.

Whereas in a non-republican country, the head of the state is not an elected one. For example, the queen in England.

India is a republic country, where the head of the state is the President of India.

President of India holds office for five years as defined in the Constitution. He can be re-elected after the expiry of his tenure.

But as a convention laid by our first President, the late Rajendra Prasad, a person can become a President for only two terms.

Now let us see qualifications to be elected as the President of India.

A person must be a citizen of India.

Must be completed 35 years of age at the time of election as a President.

A person must fulfill the eligibility conditions as the members of Lok Sabha but shall not be a member.

Must not hold any office of profit under the Government of India.

A person must not have committed any illegal activities or be a criminal under any existing laws of our country.

Composition for the Electoral College

The President of India is not directly elected by the citizens of India.

He is indirectly elected by the already elected members. These elected members who participate in a presidential election are called the electoral college.

The electoral college consists of the Elected Members of the Legislative Assemblies of the states and the Union Territories.

And the Elected members of Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.

There are some reasons for choosing indirect election for the President.

The makers of the Indian Constitution chose the indirect election for the President.

Because makers wanted to establish a Parliamentary form of Government in India.

India already had an experience with the Parliamentary system as it was a colonial state of British.

In Parliamentary form of Government, the Prime Minister is the head and President is the ceremonial head of the state.

That means the President is not the real head of the Government and should act as per the advice of the Council of Ministers.

For the Council of Ministers, Prime Minister is its head. So Prime Minister is the real head and leader of the country.

And it becomes unnecessary for the President to be elected directly through the people.

Revision

India is a republic country, where the President is an elected person. He holds office for five years as defined in the Constitution

To become President, a person must be a citizen of India, completed 35 years of age, qualified to be a member of Lok Sabha, and others.

He is indirectly elected by the electoral college of elected members of the Parliament, and Legislative Assemblies of States and Union.

The makers of the Indian Constitution chose the indirect election to the President as he is a ceremonial head and acts as per the advice of the Council of Ministers.

The End