The Sultanate in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries

During the rule of Sayyid and Lodi dynasties, many new powerful states have emerged.

Many efficient and powerful leaders also emerged during this period.

Sultanate in the 15th and 16th Century

Bengal, Malwa, Gujarat, Rajasthan and South India are the states that emerged during this time.

The rulers of these states established them as independent and rich states.

Also during this period, new ruling groups like the Afghans and the Rajputs came up.

Sher Shah Suri was amongst one of the most powerful rulers.

Rule of Sher Shah Suri

Sher Shah Suri was the ruler and the founder of the Sur dynasty.

As a manager of a small territory for his uncle in Bihar and with his courage and skills, he defeated Humayun.

He captured Delhi and ruled for 15 years. The best part was that he used Alauddin’s plans and made them more efficient.

Further, Sher Shah’s plans were followed by emperor Akbar when he enlarged the Mughal empire.

During Akbar’s rule, the Mughal empire tripled in size and wealth. He created a powerful military system too.


During the Sultanate period, the Tughluq’s and Khalji’s were overthrown by the Sayyid and Lodi dynasties.

With these dynasties, many Indian states had independent rulers who established their capitals successfully.

Sher Shah Suri of the Sur Dynasty defeated the Mughal empire by following the practices of Alauddin Khilji.

Further, Akbar followed the administration plans and strategies of Sher Shah Suri and expanded the Mughal empire.

The End