The summer season in India
Summer season is perhaps the most looked-forward-to season in India. All the ice creams and cold treats are such a joy!
The summer season sets in from around March, and lasts for 2-3 months.
The start of summer season.
The global heat belt shifts northwards in March, due to the northward movement of the sun.
This brings in the hot weather season or summer in India from March to May.
Temperatures reach sky high in northern India. They get as high as 50 degrees Celsius!
Temperatures in states such as Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh can reach 42 degrees Celsius.
In the Deccan plateau, the highest temperatures recorded are a little bit on the lower side, around 38 degrees Celsius.
May brings with it the hottest parts of the summer.
Temperatures average 45 degrees Celsius in north and northwestern India.
Pressure conditions during summer
In the northern part of India, summer months bring in falling air pressure.
When the summer season comes to a close, in mid-May, an elongated low pressure area forms over the country.
This extends from the Thar desert in the northwest to the Chotanagpur plateau in the east.
Around this trough, circulation of air begins to set in.
Loo - Distinct feature of Indian summers
Loo are strong, hot gusty winds that blow during the day over north and northwest India.
These winds may also continue up to late in the evening, sometimes.
These winds are not good for our health. Exposure to these winds can even be fatal.
It is thus advised to keep ourselves protected from Loo in the hot summer months.
Other winds during summers
In May, dust storms are common over north India. These bring much needed relief from the hot weather and high temperature.
Some localized thunderstorms also occur near the end of the summer season.
These are often associated with hail, heavy rain, and strong winds, mostly in east India, and are known by many local names.
For instance, in West Bengal, these are called Kaal Baisakhi.
In south India, pre monsoon showers become common, especially in Kerala and Karnataka.
These help in the ripening of mangoes, and are hence known as mango showers!
Let Us Revise
The summer season sets in from March to May in India.
The northern part of the country is warmest, with temperatures averaging from 38-45 degrees Celsius.
Loo winds are a striking feature of summers. These winds can be dangerous to our health.
Dust storms and localized thunderstorms bring temporary relief from the hot summers.
Towards the end of summer, pre monsoon showers become common in south India.