The Watan Jagirs of the Rajputs

During the Mughal rule, Akbar's period marked the beginning of friendly relations between Mughals and Rajputs.

Many Rajput rulers joined the Mughal empire and accepted high positions under the Mughals.

One of such high positions was of watan jagirs.

Watan jagirs were persons who collected taxes from each village and gave them to mansabdars.

The mansabdars gave these collected revenues to the authority.

Several Rajput kings, particularly from Amber and Jodhpur, served as watan jagirs.

In the 18th century, these watan jagirs tried to extend their control over nearby areas.

Many Rajput families extended their influence in Mughal court.

The ruler of Jodhpur, Ajit Singh was also involved in this Mughal politics.

These Rajput families also claimed for the subedari of the rich provinces of Gujarat and Malwa.

Raja Ajit Singh held the governorship of Gujarat and Sawai Raja Jai Singh of Amber was governor of Malwa.

The house of Jodhpur captured Nagaur and Amber captured a large part of Bundi.

Sawai Raja Jai Singh founded new capital at Jaipur.

Later in 1722, Sawai Raja Jai Singh was given the subedari of Agra.

From the 1740s, Maratha campaigned Rajasthan and stopped Rajput's further expansion.

Revision

Watan jagirs were persons who collected taxes from each village and gave them to mansabdars.

The influential Rajput families claimed the subadari of the rich provinces of Gujarat and Malwa.

Raja Ajit Singh of Jodhpur held the governorship of Gujarat and Sawai Raja Jai Singh of Amber was governor of Malwa.

They also tried to extend their territories by seizing portions of imperial territories neighbouring their watans.

Nagaur was conquered and annexed to the house of Jodhpur, while Amber seized large portions of Bundi.

Jaipur as new capital was founded by Sawai Raja Jai Singh and he also took over the subadari of Agra in 1722

Maratha campaigns into Rajasthan from the 1740s checked the further expansion Rajputs.

The End