Tropical deciduous forests
The next stop on our journey is the tropical deciduous forests of India. Let’s go!
What are deciduous forests?
The tropical deciduous forests are the most widespread forests of India. These are also called monsoon forests.
Deciduous forests are majorly found in regions having rainfall between 70-200 cm.
For six to eight weeks, trees of these forests shed their leaves in the dry season.
On the basis of availability of water, these forests can be further divided into two types, moist and dry deciduous.
Types of deciduous forests
Moist deciduous forests occur where rainfall is from 100-200 cm on average. These exist mostly in the eastern part of the country.
West Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and along the foothills of the Himalayas are where deciduous forests are found.
Here is a map depicting deciduous forests in India.
They are also found on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats.
The next type, dry deciduous forests, exist where rainfall is in the region of 70-100 cm.
These are found in the parts of the peninsular plateau which experience more rain than others.
They are also found in the plains of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
Important flora and fauna
In moist deciduous forests, teak is the most dominant tree species.
Bamboos, sal, shisham, and khair also grow in deciduous forests.
Sandalwood, mulberry, and Arjun are other commercially important species of trees.
When it comes to dry deciduous forests, teak, sal and peepal trees grow in large open stretches.
Neem trees are also found in dry deciduous forests.
Animals found in deciduous forests include lion, tiger, pig, and deer.
Birds, lizards, snakes, and tortoises are also found here.
Deciduous forests exist in areas of rainfall between 70-200 cm.
The trees of deciduous forests shed their leaves for 6-8 weeks in the dry season.
On the basis of water availability, these can be divided into dry and moist deciduous.
Moist deciduous forests are found in Chhattisgarh, West Odisha, and Jharkhand.
Dry deciduous forests are mainly found in the rainier parts of the peninsular region.
Teak, sal, neem, mulberry, sandalwood, and neem are the important tree varieties.
Animals like lion, deer, tiger, birds, lizards, tortoises, and snakes can be found in deciduous forests.