Tropical thorn forests and shrubs

If you ever thought that deserts and areas with less rainfall cannot have plants, then let us explore tropical thorn forests and put your doubts to rest!

Tropical thorn forests and shrubs

In areas where rainfall is less than 70 cm on average, thorns and shrubs grow.

This vegetation type is mainly found in the desert regions of Rajasthan and Gujarat.

Thorny trees and bushes are the main vegetation found in thorn forests.

Trees and animals of thorn forests

The plants and trees found in thorn forests are of a special type.

Their leaves are thin and small to minimize evaporation, as they need to retain water.

Acacias and palms are the main types of trees growing here.

Trees have long and scattered roots. These penetrate deep into the soil in order to get more moisture.

Stems are tender to conserve water.

Common animals found includes rats, mice, fox, and wolf.

Tiger, wild ass, and horses are also found here.

Camels are the most common animals found in desert region and are known as the ‘ship of the desert’.


Thorn forests and scrubs are found in areas with rainfall less than 70 cm.

These are found in northwestern areas of the country, including Gujarat and Rajasthan.

Trees are scattered and have long roots penetrating deep into the soil to get moisture. Leaves are mostly thick and small to minimise evaporation.

Acacia, palms, cactus are the main types of trees found here.

Animals like camels, rats, mice, fox, wolf, tiger, and horses are common here.