Wildlife refers to the animals that cannot be domesticated.

Wildlife is seen in the forests and these are not taken care of by humans.

We see in the news that people are killing many species of wildlife.

People kill them to sell their parts or for fun activities.

Parts of the animals and birds that are used are skins, nails, teeth, horns, and feathers.

This direct killing is resulting in a decrease in the wildlife species.

And people are also causing a threat to wildlife indirectly by deforestation and constructional activities.

These activities destroy their natural habitats.

Destruction of natural habitats is also caused due to natural factors such as landslides, and forest fires.

So many species have become vulnerable to extinction.

Extinction of a species means all the living members of a particular species have died.

Some species that are becoming vulnerable are tiger, lion, elephant, deer, blackbuck, rhinoceros, and snow leopard.

If the species become extinct, then the balance in the environment will be lost.

So many countries and international organizations are taking some measures to protect and conserve wildlife.

Let us discuss the measures taken to conserve the wildlife

Indian Government has established National parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and biosphere reserves.

These provide a place for the animals and the birds to live.

Students are also encouraged to visit the nature camps and bird watching.

Many countries have passed laws against the killing of birds and animals and their trade.

In India, the killing of some animals like lions, tigers, deers, great Indian bustards, and peacocks is illegal.

At an international level, CITES organization is established to protect wildlife.

CITES maintains a list of serval animals and birds that are prohibited from trading activities.

Finally, it is the duty of every person on the earth to conserve wildlife.

Revision

Animals and birds living on their own without the care of humans are called wildlife.

Both due to human and natural factors wildlife species are decreasing.

So many countries and international organizations are taking some measures to protect and conserve our wildlife.

Indian Government has established National parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and biosphere reserves.

For students, nature camps and bird watching are encouraged.

Many countries have passed laws against the trade as well as the killing of birds and animals.

At the international level, CITES maintains a list of serval animals and birds that are prohibited from trading activities.

The End