Words and Word Forms
You have probably heard the phrase ‘English is a funny language.’
You might wonder why people say that, so let’s look at a few reasons why English is called a funny language.
You can see that English does not have any hard and fast rules for plurals.
The pronunciations, too, seem to be random.
The list of reasons why English is called a funny language is very long.
Let’s look at this sentence.
It’s telling you that English can be understood, but is making it so complicated to understand.
Let’s try and understand some of the basics of English word and word formation to make it less funny for you.
First, let’s look at the different parts of speech that will help you understand word forms.
Let’s start with a noun.
A noun is a word that names a person, place, animal, thing, or an idea.
A noun can be a concrete noun or something abstract.
Now, a word that describes a noun is known as an adjective. An adjective gives us more information about the noun.
Let’s look at this example.
You can see that the word “green” describes the noun "monster" to us. Hence, the word green is an adjective.
Here, the words blue, cold and happy are all describing the balloon, the smurf, and the woman. So they are all adjectives too.
Now let’s look a verb and an adverb.
A verb describes the action in a sentence.
Let’s look at these examples.
You can see that the verbs, which are written in red, can be in any tense.
An adverb is a word that modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
To get an adverb, you need to ask the question how, when, where, and how much.
Here you can see a few examples of adverbs in sentences.
Now, let’s see how you can choose the right words for your sentence based on the word form.
Let’s look at this sentence. You have to use the right form of the word ‘sad’ to fill in the blank.
Here, you can see the different word forms of the word ‘sad’.
Now, you need to figure out which word form suits the blank the most.
You can see that the blank should describe ‘how’ she explained.
We also know that the word “explained” is a verb. So now you know that you need an adverb form in the blank.
You can now fill in the blank with “sadly” which is the adverb form of the word sad.
Let’s look at a few more examples.
First, let’s look at this sentence. It is very common to get confused between ‘well’ and ‘good’.
The first step is to find out what the word forms of both of the words are.
The second step is to find out which word form is needed in the blank.
You can thus see that we need an adverb in the blank. So, for the third step, choose the right answer, that is, ‘well’.
Let’s look at a similar example.
You should follow the three steps to find out which word form fits correctly in this sentence.
You can see that we need the adverb form. So, the right answer is ‘beautifully’.
Now let’s see how you can choose between the subject and the object word forms.
A subject is a person or a thing that is performing an action, and an object is a person or thing the action is being performed on.
Here you can see a few pronoun word forms that will help you identify the subject and the object.
Let’s look at this sentence.
You can see that we have now applied the first two steps to this sentence.
So the right word form here would be the subject form, that is, ‘she’.
Now, let’s see how you can choose the right word form based on the degree of comparison.
There are three degrees of comparison in English: positive, comparative, and superlative.
Positive is when you are talking about only one person or thing. For example, “Simran is very smart.”
Comparative is when you compare two people or things with each other. For example, “Simran is smarter than Rahul.”
Superlative is when you compare more than two people or things with one another. For example, “Simran is the smartest student in her class.”
Now let’s look at this sentence.
You can see that there are only two things being compared in this sentence. This means we will use the comparative degree.
So, the right answer would be ‘more’, the comparative form.
Now you know how to choose the right word form based on the sentence.
Let’s have a quick RECAP.
The English language can be understood easily if you understand the different word forms.
You need to first figure out the word form of the two words, and then figure which word form is required in the sentence.
You have to keep trying and reading more. This will help you choose wisely.
That’s all Folks!