Formation of Adjectives from Nouns, Verbs and other Adjectives

Aa

Our mothers cook marvelous food.

Aa

They can cook several dishes from the same ingredients! So, they can take an ingredient like rice flour and make uttapam or even dosa from it.

Everything they cook is likeable.

Let’s take a look at these sentences again.

Aa

These highlighted words in the sentences above are called adjectives.

These adjectives are made out of the noun ‘marvel’ and the verb ‘like’.

So we can form adjectives from nouns and verbs and a few adjectives can be formed from other adjectives as well.

Today we’ll learn how to form adjectives in different ways.

But before that we should recall what an adjective is.

Aa

Adjectives describe something about a person or a thing.

‘Strong’ is describing the noun ‘lion’. So, it is an adjective.

Now let’s see the ways in which adjectives can be formed.

Aa

To begin with, we will see the formation of adjectives from nouns.

Aa

Adding suffixes to a noun is the most common way to create an adjective.

We can add the suffix ‘-y’, ‘-al’ or ‘ial’ to a noun to form an adjective. In doing so, we remove ‘e’ from the end of the noun.

Another way to form adjectives from nouns is to add the suffix ‘-ly’,’-ic’,’-ish’ to a noun.

We can also add the suffix ‘-ous’, ’-some’, ’-able’, ‘ful’ to a noun to form an adjective.

Let’s look at a sentence which uses an adjective formed from a noun.

Aa

The adjective ‘childish’ is formed from the noun ‘child’.

Now we will look into the formation of adjectives from verbs.

Aa

In addition to all the previous suffixes like ‘-y’, ’-able’, ‘-ous’, ‘-al’, ‘-ful’, ’-ic’ we can add the suffix ‘-less’, ‘-ive’ to verbs to form adjectives.

Few more examples:

Let’s look at an example now.

Aa

‘Annoy’ is a verb and the adjective ‘annoying’ is formed by adding ‘ing’ to the verb.

Adjectives can also be formed from other adjectives.

Aa

The suffix ‘-ly’, ‘-ive’, ‘-al’, ‘-ish’, ‘-ier’ is added to form an adjective form another adjective.

Few more examples:-

An example will make things more clear.

Aa

‘Reddish’ is an adjective formed from another adjective ‘red’.

We can also form compound adjectives using two words.

Aa

Let’s quickly recall what a compound adjective is.

Aa

A compound adjective is formed when two or more adjectives are joined together to modify the same noun. They are separated with a hyphen (-).

Here, two-hour is describing the number of hours. So, it is a compound adjective.

We see here, the two words ‘two’ and ‘hour’ are combined to form a compound adjective ‘two-hour’ separated with a hyphen.

The two words used to form a compound adjective can be a combination of:-

Let’s look at more examples.

Aa

In this example, 'three' is a number and 'week' is a noun. Combining these two words forms a compound adjective with a hyphen.

Here, 'last' is an adjective and 'minute' is a noun, forming a compound adjective last-minute.

Similarly, ‘good’ is an adjective and ‘looking’ is present participle, forming a compound adjective ‘good-looking’.

In this example, ‘short’ is an adjective and ‘lived’ is a past participle. It forms a compound adjective ‘short-lived’.

Now, let us do a quick recap

Aa

Adjectives describe something about a person or a thing.

We can add suffixes such as ‘-y’, ‘-al’ or ‘ial’, ‘-ly’,’-ic’,’-ish’, ‘-ous’, ’-some’, ’-able’, ‘ful’, ‘-less’, ‘-ive’, ‘-ly’, ‘-ive’, ‘-al’, ‘-ish’, ‘-ier’ to a noun, adjective or a verb to form an adjective.

We can form compound adjectives by combining the two words separated with a hyphen.

The End!

Aa