Past Perfect Tense

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Supermarkets are popping up everywhere in different parts of cities.

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These stores are like heaven to a common shopper who gets to choose among different products.

The various sections in these stores are well labelled for easy navigation in the store.

Similarly, there are identifiers in English grammar, which tell us when an action is taking place.

These identifiers are known as tenses.

There are three tenses in English.

Let us try to understand what the past tense is.

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A past tense verb is used to indicate an action, event or condition that had happened in the past.

There are four types of past tense.

To begin with, let’s see what past perfect tense is.

We use the past perfect tense to show that an action took place once or many times before some point in the past.

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To form a past perfect tense verb, we add “had” to the past participle of the verb. The formula remains the same for both singular and plural subject.

Past perfect tense is used for various uses.Let us look at them one by one.

The first use of the Past Perfect Tense is that it is used to narrate an action that occurred before another action in the past.

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For example: I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet.

Here, the verb “had lost” helps us identify that the speaker lost his/her wallet first due to which he/she didn’t have any money. Therefore, it is in the past perfect tense.

Secondly, we also use past perfect tense to show that something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past.

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For example: By the time Alex finished his studies, he had been in London for over eight years.

Here, the verb “had been” tells us that the second action took place after the first one. Therefore, it is in past perfect tense.

We can use past perfect tense only if we are trying to convey some series of events.

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For example: I had cleaned it off the door.

Here, there is no action after the action of cleaning. Therefore, past perfect tense cannot be employed here.

Its correct form would be

After all these examples, we now know how to identify and define Past Perfect Tense.

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Time for a quick recap.

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Tenses are identifiers which tell us when an action is going on.

There are three tenses in English: PAST, PRESENT and FUTURE.

There are four types of past tense: Simple Past, Past Continuous, Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous.

We use the past perfect tense to show that an action took place once or many times before some point in the past.

The End

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