Punctuation

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Punctuation is the name for marks used in writing.

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They help us read something correctly.

These marks tell us when to pause and how long to pause for.

There are different types of punctuation marks. Let us take a closer look at a few important ones

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The first type is - Full stop

A full stop is used to end a sentence. For example “I went to the park.”

The second type is a comma.

A comma is used to separate two words or two clauses in a sentence. For example “As we had already arrived, we were unwilling to wait.

A comma also indicates a pause in the sentence. For example “Tara, did you remember to feed the cat?”

The third type is question mark

Question marks are used when writing a question or to ask something

An example would be, “Have you had dinner?”

The fourth type of punctuation mark is an exclamation point.

An exclamation point is used to show excitement or to convey a strong point.

For example, “Ow! That hurts!”

The fifth type is apostrophe.

There are two main uses for apostrophe. It can show that something belongs to someone else i.e ownership.

For example “It was the boy’s dog”

An apostrophe can also be used to put two small words together.

For example instead of writing “I do not want to eat ice cream.” we can say “I don’t want to eat ice cream.”

The sixth type is quotation marks.

Quotation marks are used around the words that people have said each other directly.

For example, “Will you come to play with me today?” said Dave.

Let us quickly learn the other punctuation marks.

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Let us learn about colon.

A colon is used to join a main clause from a subordinate. The subordinate clause enhances the main clause.

For example “Krish wanted to visit two places in Mumbai: Gateway of India and Taj Hotel.”

Next let us look at semicolon.

A semicolon is used to join two independent clauses.

We use a semicolon instead of a full stop to show continuity and not an end in the idea.

For example “I have a test tomorrow; I can’t go out tonight.”

Next we shall learn about ellipses.

An ellipses is a series of three dots that indicates that a word or sentence has be omitted on purpose.

For example “I don’t know…. I’m not sure.”

Lastly let us look at parentheses

Parenthese are symbols used to contain words that are a further explanation.

For example “John and Jane (who are actually half brother and sister) both have red hair.”

Now we know the different types of punctuation marks.

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Let us recap what we have learnt.

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A full stop is used to end a sentence.

A comma is used to separate two words or two clauses in a sentence.

Question marks are used when writing a question or to ask something

The fourth type of punctuation mark is an exclamation point.

There are two main uses for apostrophe. It can show that something belongs to someone else

An apostrophe can also be used to put two small words together.

Quotation marks are used around the words that people have said each other directly.

A colon is used to join a main clause from a subordinate. The subordinate clause enhances the main clause.

A semicolon is used to join two independent clauses.

An ellipses is a series of dots that indicates that a word or sentence has be omitted on purpose.

Parentheses are symbols used to contain words that are a further explanation.

That’s all Folks!

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