Root words

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We all know that in order to grow a tree or plant we need to first sow a seed.

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The seed is the start or the origin of the plant.

Similarly all words have an origin.

These are called root words.

A root word is a word which that does not have a prefix or a suffix.

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A prefix is a letter or a group of letters that is attached to the front of a root word.

A suffix is a letter or group of letters added at the end of a root word.

When we add a prefix or a suffix to a root word it changes the meaning of the word.

Let us take a look at a few examples of root words.

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Let us take the word “lovely”

Let us take away the suffix ‘ly’ from the word ‘lovely’ We are left with the root word “love”

Let us look at few different kinds of root words

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There are many root words that can be used on their own or as a part of other common words.

For example let us look at the word ‘Act’

‘Act’ by itself it means ‘to move or do’ If we add the prefix ‘re’ to it we get the word “react”

Let us now take same word “act” and add the suffix “ion” to it. We get the word “action”

If we add both the prefix “re” and the suffix “ion” too the root word “act” we get the word “reaction”

Here we see how a root word has meaning on its own and how the word changes after adding a prefix and a suffix

Some root words aren’t full words on their own but they can form the base for many other words.

For example let us look at the word “tele”

“Tele” is not a full word on its own but add words like “phone” or “vision” and you get a whole word.

By adding “phone” to “tele” we get the word “telephone”

When we add “graph” to “tele” we get the word “telegraph”

But there are also root words that have Greek and Latin origin.

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Since many of the words in the English language are derived from Latin and Greek….

There may be times when the root word may be difficult to identify.

Let us take a look at some examples of words whose root is in Greek or Latin.

For example let us look at the word “astronomy”

The root word is “astro” which comes from the Greek word meaning “star”

Let us look at another example “Multiple”

“Multiple” comes from the Latin word “multi” which means “many”

Thus “multi” is the root word for the word “multiple”

Now we know what root words are.

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Let us recap what we have learnt.

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All words have an origin, they are called root words.

A root word is a word which does not have a prefix or a suffix

A prefix is a letter or a group of letters that is attached to the front of a root word.

A suffix is a letter or group of letters added at the end of a root word.

There are many root words that can be used on their own or as a part of other common words.

For example- ”Dress” Add the prefix “un” you get the word “undress” Add the suffix “ing” and we get the word “dressing”

Some root words aren’t full words on their own but they can form the base for many other words.

For example - “corp” Add “oral” or “se” and we get “Corporal” and “corpse”

Many words in the english language are derived from Greek and Latin which make the root word difficult to identify.

For example- “automatic” comes from the Greek word “auto” which means “self”

Another example - “Audio” comes from the Latin word “aud” which means “hear”

That’s all Folks!

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