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Which river systems have helped in the creation of the Northern Plains?


  • The northern plain of India is formed by three river systems, i.e. the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra; along with their tributaries.
  • This plain is composed of alluvial soil which has been deposited over millions of years.
  • The total area of the northern plain is about 7 lakh square kilometer.
  • It is about 2400 km long.
  • Width is about 240 to 320 km .
  • Northern plains are most densely populated areas of the country.
  • Here we find alluvial soil, thus making the plain very fertile and agriculturally very productive.
  • Because of the three river systems, i.e. the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra; along with their tributaries, availability of water is there in abundance through the year.
  • The rivers in their lower course split into numerous channels or streams due to the deposition of silt. These channels or streams are known as Distributaries.
  • The northern plain is divided into three sections, i.e. the Punjab Plain, the Ganga Plain and the Brahmaputra Plain.

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