Question

Arm ratio in metacentric condition is

A

1:1

B

1:2

C

1:3

D

2:3

Medium

Solution

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Correct option is A)

The arm ratio in metacentric condition is 1:1. These are X-shaped chromosomes, with the centromere in the middle, so that, the two arms of the chromosomes are almost equal. A chromosome is metacentric, if its two arms are roughly equal in length. In a normal human karyotype, two chromosomes are considered metacentric: chromosomes 1 and 3. In some cases, a metacentric chromosome is formed by balanced translocation: the fusion of two acrocentric chromosomes to form one metacentric chromosome.

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