Question

The symbiotic association of fungi and algae is called

A

Lichen

B

Mycorrhiza

C

Both A and B

D

Mycoplasma

Medium
Solution
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Correct option is A)

  • A lichen is not a single organism; it is a stable symbiotic association between a fungus and algae and/or cyanobacteria. 
  • The lichen symbiosis is thought to be a mutualistic one since both the fungi and the photosynthetic partners are benefitted as algae are responsible for the synthesis of food meanwhile fungi provide protection to the algae. 
  • Mycorrhiza is a symbiotic association between a green plant and a fungus. 
  • Mycoplasma is a genus of bacteria that lacks a cell wall. Mycoplasmas are the smallest free-living microbes known. 

So, the correct answer is 'Lichen'

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