Question

Which is the first compiler-level language developed by a team of IBM programmers led by John Backus and unveiled in ?

A

BASIC

B

PL

C

FORTRAN

D

APL

E

None of the above

Easy

Solution

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Correct option is C)

FORTRAN is the first compiler-level language developed by a team of IBM programmers led by John Backus and unveiled in 1957

A draft specification for The IBM Mathematical Formula Translating System was completed by mid-1954. The first manual for FORTRAN appeared in October 1956, with the first FORTRAN compiler delivered in April 1957. This was the first optimizing compiler, because customers were reluctant to use a high-level programming language unless its compiler could generate code with performance comparable to that of hand-coded assembly language.

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