Question

Without green house effect, the average temperature of earth's surface would have been

A

-18C

B

33C

C

0C

D

15C

Medium
Solution
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Correct option is A)

The greenhouse effect itself occurs when short-wave solar radiation (which is not impeded by the greenhouse gases) heats the surface of the Earth, and the energy is radiated back through the Earth's atmosphere as heat, with a longer wavelength. In the wavelengths 5-30m a lot of this thermal radiation is absorbed by water vapour and carbon dioxide, which in turn radiate it, thus heating the atmosphere and land and ocean surface. This is natural and what keeps the Earth habitable.

Without the greenhouse effect overnight temperatures would plunge and the average surface temperature would be about minus 18C, about the same as on the moon, which lacks the shroud of our atmosphere.
Thus Option A is correct.

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