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ICSE Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 to 10

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31 Qs

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What is the significance of water resources in our country?

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Name the main sources of freshwater in India.

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Why is irrigation necessary in India?

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What are the geografic factors which encourage the development of irrigation facilities in India?

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Why is it difficult to develop mass irrigation facilities in Peninsular India?

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Name the various means of irrigation used in our country.

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Name the factors which support the development of irrigation.

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What are the main features of tank irrigation in India?

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Why is tank irrigation more popular in peninsular India?

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What are the merits and demerits of tank irrigation?

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Where in India tank irrigation is widely practiced?

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Why are the state governments providing loans for the construction of new tanks?

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What is a well and how does it differ from a tube-well?

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What are the main features of well irrigation in India?

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How is the water from the well taken out for irrigation purposes?

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Where in India, well irrigation is widely practiced and why?

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What factors favour the development of tubewells in our country?

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What is the significance of tube well irrigiation in India?

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Describe the merits and demerits of well and tubewell irrigation in India.

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What are the main features of canal irrigation in India?

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What factors have helped the development and growth of canal irrigation on India?

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Where is canal irrigation mostly practiced in India and why?

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Name some of the irrigation canal systems in India.

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Distinguish between inundation canal and perennial canal.

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What are the merits and demerits of canal irrigation in India?

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Why is the conservation of water resources essential in India?

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Which parts of India experience floods and droughts?

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Suggest some ways for the conservation of water resource.

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What is rain water harvesting?

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What are the main objectives of rainwater harvesting?

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How was rainwater harvesting developed in ancient India?

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49 Qs

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Define: Deforestation and Afforestation.

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Distinguish between social forestry and community forestry.

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Write short note on Evergreen forest and Deciduous forest.

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Define agroforestry and farm forestry.

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Endemic plants and Exotic plants.

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Monsoon forest and Mangrove forest.

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Write a short note on plant diversity.

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Define the term 'Conservation'.

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Define natural vegetation.

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Definition of forests.

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Define 'Undergrowth'.

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What are epiphytes?

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Define shrubs.

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Define: Timber.

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Write a short note on 'Sholas'.

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Write a note on Rosewood.

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Write a short note on Cypress tree.

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Write a short note on Sal tree.

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Write a short note on Deodar tree.

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Write a short note on Mulberry.

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Write a short note on Silver fir.

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Write a short note on Bamboo.

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Write a short note on Teak.

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Describe the main characteristics of Mahua.

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Write a note on pine tree.

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Write a short note on Walnut.

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Write a short note about Ebony wood.

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How many different species of plants are found in India?

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Why is there a great variety of natural vegetation in India?

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Name the main geographical factors which influence the growth of natural vegetation.

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Name the different types of natural vegetation found in India.

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Name any three main characteristics of the tropical evergreen forests in India.

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Where do the tropical evergreen forests grow and why?

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What are the main characteristics of the tropical deciduous forests?

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Distinguish between the wet and dry tropical deciduous forests.

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What are the main characteristics of the tropical thorn forests?

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Where are the tropical thorn forests found in the India and why?

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Name the main trees found in tropical thorn forests.

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What is the importance of Sundari tree in the littoral forests?

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Which trees are commonly associated with tidal forests?

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Describe the influence of temperature on the natural vegetation in the mountainous regions.

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Describe the various natural vegetation belts of Himalayan region.

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Where the mountain forests are commonly found in India?

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Describe the forests cover in India.

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What are the direct and indirect advantages of forests in India?

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Describe the main problems associated with the forests industry in our country.

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Why is conservation of forests necessary in our country?

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Suggest some measures for the conservation of forests in India.

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What are the main features of National Forest Policy of India?

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33 Qs

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Distinguish between the Khadar and Bangar.

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Distinguish between the deforestation and afforestation.

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Distinguish between the contour ploughing and contour bunding.

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State the reason of the alluvial soil is found in the northern plains of India.

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What is the significance of soil as a natural resource?

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Which type of soil is most widespread in India?

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Name the various types of soil found in India.

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Which type of soil is suited for raising plantation crops?

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Name the crops that can be produced in the black soil.

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How is the laterite soil formed? Give one feature of this type of soil.

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State any three characteristics of the regur soil in India.

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Name the states of India where the alluvial soil is found.

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How were the soils classified in ancient India?

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Explain the importance of alluvial soil.

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Name the states where black soil is found.

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Name the crops which can be easily produced in the red soil.

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Which type of soil provides valuable building materials?

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What are the main constituents of the soil in mountainous regions?

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What is the effect of soil erosion in our country?

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Which materials from the soil can prove good for plants?

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How can soil's fertility be conserved?

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Which type of soil is found in the Deccan Plateau of India?

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What is Humus?

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Define the Pedologist.

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Define soil fertility.

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Define the term natural resource.

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Define the term alluvium.

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Define the term 'Badlands'.

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Discuss about Deccan Trap.

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Explain weathering.

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Define the term 'Loamy soil'.

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Define the term Leaching.

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Define soil erosion.

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42 Qs

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Distinguish between the Kal Baisakhi and Mango Showers.

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Write a short note on southwest and the northeast monsoon winds.

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Why the location of India affects its climate? Give reasons.

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How the Himalayan ranges affect the climate conditions of the Northern Plains of India?

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The northern part of India is warm even during the winter months.

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The winds are dry and offshore during the winter season.

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The monsoon winds are known as the seasonal winds.

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The summer season is a period of rising temperature and falling air pressure.

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The summer season is generally a dry period, but not without rains.

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The ___________ season is also called the rainy season in India.

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The Southwest Monsoon winds are known for their vagaries.

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The economy and the lifestyle of the people in India depends on the amount and distribution of rainfall.

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What are the important elements of climate?

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Name the factors which influence elements of climate.

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How does rainfall cause floods and soil erosion in India?

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Explain the phenomena and mechanism of the monsoon winds.

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How is the Air Mass Theory related to the monsoon winds?

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What do you understand by the concept of 'the annual cycle of seasons'?

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Name the four distinct seasons broadly experienced in India.

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What are the chief characteristics of the cold weather season in India?

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Describe temperature conditions during the winter season.

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What is the significance of the north-east trade winds in the winter season?

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What is the impact of depressions or temperate cyclones on the general climate of the North India?

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Describe the average distribution of rainfall during the winter months.

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What is the extent of the hot weather season in India?

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What are the main characteristics of the hot weather season in India?

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Describe the general temperature conditions during the summer season in India.

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What is the impact of the tropical cyclones in the summer months?

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What are the main characteristics of the south-west monsoon season?

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Describe the general temperature conditions during the southwest monsoon season.

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Describe the progress of the monsoon winds over India during the rainy season.

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What is the 'burst' of the monsoon?

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Name the two branches of the south-west monsoon winds.

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Which parts of India are influenced by the Arabian Sea branch of the south-west monsoons?

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What is the general direction of the Southwest Monsoon winds and where does it change?

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What is the general distribution of rainfall during the period from July to September in India?

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What are the main characteristics of the Retreating Monsoon season?

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Describe the general temperature conditions during the Retreating Monsoon season.

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What is the impact of the tropical cyclones originating in the Bay of Bengal on India?

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Which part of India gets bulk of its rainfall during the season of the Retreating Monsoons and why?

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Which parts of India get more than cm of average annual rainfall?

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Name the regions getting less than cm of average annual rainfall in India.

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60 Qs

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Why India commands a strategic position on the globe?

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Why are the Northern Plains of India called the 'gift of the Himalayas'?

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The Himalayan ranges are useful in the economic development of India.

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The Kosi river is known as the 'Sorrow of Bihar'.

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Himadri and Himachal.

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Distinguish between the followingDuns and chos in the Shiwalik ranges.

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Explain in brief about Bhabar, Bhangar, Khadar and Terai.

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Distinguish between the following : The Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats.

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How were the Himalayan ranges formed?

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Describe the location and extent of India.

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Which is the southern most point on the mainland of India?

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What is the north-south and east-west extent of India?

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What is the length of the land boundary and the total coastline of India?

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Describe the boundary between India and Pakistan.

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Which areas are generally included in the oriental world?

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What is the current problem associated with the Indo-Bangladesh border?

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How has the opening of the Suez Canal helped India?

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What is the location and extent of the Himalayan mountains?

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Describe the significance of the Pamir Knot in the Northern Mountains ranges.

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Describe the general topography of the Himalayan mountains.

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Name the highest peak in the Indian Himalayas.

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Explain the origin of the Himalayan mountains.

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Name any five peaks in the Himadri ranges which are more than meters high.

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Name any two important passes in the Himalayas.

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Which are the main ranges in the Middle or the Lesser Himalayas?

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What is the importance of Banihal Pass in the Jammu and Kashmir state?

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Describe the location and extent of the Kashmir Valley.

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Name a few hill stations in the Middle Himalayas.

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What is the extent and location of the shiwalik ranges?

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Name the important ranges in the Trans-Himalayan ranges.

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Describe the importance of the Karakoram mountain range.

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Name the important hills of the northeastern part of India.

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Which hills are found along the international boundary between India and Myanmar?

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Which hills in India are found along the Bangladesh border?

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Name a few well-known holy places in the Northern Mountains of India.

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Describe the location and extent of the Northern Plains of India.

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Which river systems have helped in the creation of the Northern Plains?

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Name the five major regions into which the Indo-Gangetic Plain can be divided.

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Name the important rivers which flow thorugh the Indus plain in Pakistan.

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Describe the location and main features of the Indus Plain.

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Describe the location and extent of the Thar Desert in India.

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Which is the largest saline lake in the Thar Desert?

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Which region acts as a water-divide between the Yamuna and the Satluj rivers?

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Describe the location and extent of the Ganga Plain.

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Name at least three tributaries each from the northern and southern side of the Ganga river.

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Describe the location, extent and formation of the Ganga-Brahmaputra delta in India and Bangladesh.

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Describe the course of the Brahmautra river in Tibet and India.

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Give the location and extent of the Peninsular Plateau of India.

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Name the important physical regions of the Peninsular Plateau.

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Name the main hill ranges of the Peninsular India.

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Name at least four mountain peaks found in the Deccan Plateau of India.

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Which are the main rivers in the Peninsular India flowing into the Bay of Bengal?

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Which are the main rivers in the Peninsular India flowing into the Arabian Sea?

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What is the importance of the Chota Nagpur Plateau?

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Name the important mountain passes in the Western Ghats.

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What is the significance of the Peninsular Plateau for the economic development of India?

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Describe the location and extent of the Coastal Plains of India.

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The Eastern Coastal Plain is more important than the Western Coastal Plain. Justify the statement.

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Name the rivers that form deltas along the Eastern Coastal Plain.

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Describe the location and importance of the Indian island groups.

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57 Qs

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Give the four-figure grid reference for the following.

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Give six-figure grid reference for the following.

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Find out the direction of the Bhamra village from the following.

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Name at least two man-made features in each of the following grid square.

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Name at least two natural features in each of the following grid square?

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Give the settlement pattern in the __________________.

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Give the four-figure grid reference for the following.

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What is the meaning of the following?

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Give the direction of the following.

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Find out the distance to be travelled between the following.

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Give the drainage pattern.

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Find out at least two natural features in the grid square.

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Find out at least two man-made features in the grid squares.

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Give the four-figure grid reference for the following.

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Give the six-figure grid reference for the following.

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Give the direction of the following.

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Find out the actual length of the following.

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Identify the drainage patterns in the following grid squares.

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Describe and identify the ttypical relief features in the following grid squares.

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Mention at least two natural and two man-made features in each of the following grid squares.

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Find out the straight-line distance between the following.

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What is the meaning of the following symbols.

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Identify the settlement pattern in the following grid squares.

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Name at least two natural features.

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Name at least two man-made features.

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Give the settlement pattern.

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Give the drainage pattern.

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Mention the names of at least two man-made features in each of the following grid squares.

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Mention at least two natural features in each of the following grid squares.

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Give the four-figure grid reference for the following.

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Give the six-figure grid reference for the following.

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Give the direction of the following.

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Find out the straight-line distance between.

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Give the drainage pattern.

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Describe the relief features.

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Describe the settlement pattern.

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Name at least two man-made features in each of the following grid square.

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Name at least two natural features in each of the following grid square.

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Give the four-figure grid reference for the following.

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Name at least two man-made features in each of the following grid squares.

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Name at least two natural features in each of the following grid square.

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How is the direction calculated with the help of bearing?

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Give the six-figure grid reference for the following.

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Explain the meaning of the following.

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Give the direction of the following.

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Name at least two manmade features in each of the following grid squares.

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Name at least two natural features in each of the following grid squares.

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Measure the distance between the following.

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Give the drainage pattern.

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Give the settlement pattern.

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Give the four-figure grid reference for the following.

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Give the six-figure grid reference for the following.

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Explain the relief features.

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What is the settlement pattern?

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Name any two man-made features in each of the following grid squares.

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Find out the bearing(direction) of the following from Nakhi Talao.

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Measure the straight-line distance in km from the Raj Bahwan in the Abu city to the following.

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22 Qs

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Distinguish between the following: The quarter-inch and the one inch sheets as drawn by the Survey of India.

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Distinguish between the following: Map distance and ground distance.

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Distinguish between the Magnetic North pole and the True North Pole.

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Distinguish between the Magnetic Bearing and the True Bearing.

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Distinguish between the spot height and the benchmark on a topographical map.

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Distinguish between the drainage system, the drainage basin and the drainage pattern.

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Write short notes on the following:
a. Nucleated and dispersed settlement.
b. Linear and radial settlement.

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Which organisation has developed the toposheet or topographical map of India?

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What details are depicted on the topograhical maps on the scale of ?

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What were the different scales on which topo sheets were initially drawn in India?

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Give the characteristic features of four degree or million sheets as drawn by the Survey of India.

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Define the terms-eastings, northings, grid, arbitary grid, grid square and co-ordinates of the grid.

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What is the four-figure grid reference and how is it used?

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What is the six-figure grid reference and how is it used?

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What do you understand by the term interpretation of topograhical maps?

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Describe the meaning of the topo sheet number such as D and D.

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What is a scale and how it is shown on a map?

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What are the advantage of the representative fraction (RF) over the statement of scale?

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What is gradient and how can we find it?

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Give the main features of the rural and urban settlements.

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Give reasons for the following: Map is the most important tool of a geographer.

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Why is the study of topographical maps essential for the students of Geography?

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